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Urodynamic and pharmacological studies were performed to investigate the effect of crystalluria on the micturition reflex and the involvement of glutamatergic transmission. The rats, which were given LP-805 (100 mg/kg/day) orally for 12 days, voided crystalluria. The pH of these crystalluria (LP-805 urine) was the same as normal urine. The amount of(More)
1. Experiments were designed to study the effects of ageing on muscarine and NK2 receptor mechanisms in the three different regions of rabbit airway. 2. The pD2 value of acetylcholine changed with age in three different regions while that of carbamylcholine, which is resistant to acetylcholinesterase, did not. 3. The pD2 values of neurokinin A and the(More)
1. Experiments were designed to determine whether differences exist in the sensitivity to muscarinic and tachykinin agonists in rabbit airways. 2. The rank order of sensitivity (pD2 value) to acetylcholine was: trachea > proximal bronchus > distal bronchus, whereas no regional difference was observed in the sensitivity to carbamylcholine which is resistant(More)
1. The effects of d-nicotine on the responses induced by 1-isomer were studied in tracheae and bronchi isolated from guinea-pigs and rabbits. In guinea-pigs trachea 1-nicotine produced a biphasic response consisting of initial contraction and following relaxation. In other airway preparations 1-nicotine produced only contraction. 2. d-Nicotine did not(More)
1. Experiments were designed to determine whether regional differences exist in the effects of phosphoramidon (a metalloprotease inhibitor) and [D-Arg,1D-Pro,2 D-Trp,7,9Leu,11]-substance P (a tachykinin antagonist: rpwwL-SP) on contractile responses to electrical field stimulation (EFS) in rabbit airways. 2. EFS contractions were potentiated by(More)
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