Norio Amizuka

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We had previously identified the cDNA for a novel protein called osteoblast-specific factor 2 (OSF-2) from an MC3T3-E1 cDNA library using subtraction hybridization and differential screening techniques. Here we describe the localization, regulation, and potential function of this protein. Immunohistochemistry using specific antiserum revealed that in adult(More)
Npt2 encodes a renal-specific, brush-border membrane Na+-phosphate (Pi) cotransporter that is expressed in the proximal tubule where the bulk of filtered Pi is reabsorbed. Mice deficient in the Npt2 gene were generated by targeted mutagenesis to define the role of Npt2 in the overall maintenance of Pi homeostasis, determine its impact on skeletal(More)
Bone remodeling is performed by osteoclasts and osteoblasts at the bone surface. Inside of bone is a network of numerous osteocytes, whose specific function has remained an enigma. Here we describe a transgenic mouse model in which inducible and specific ablation of osteocytes is achieved in vivo through targeted expression of diphtheria toxin (DT)(More)
Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a common and lethal heart disease, and the recruitment of fibroblastic cells to the infarct region is essential for the cardiac healing process. Although stiffness of the extracellular matrix in the infarct myocardium is associated with cardiac healing, the molecular mechanism of cardiac healing is not fully understood.(More)
To elucidate the role of PTHrP in skeletal development, we examined the proximal tibial epiphysis and metaphysis of wild-type (PTHrP-normal) 18-19-d-old fetal mice and of chondrodystrophic litter mates homozygous for a disrupted PTHrP allele generated via homologous recombination in embryonic stem cells (PTHrP-depleted). In the PTHrP-normal epiphysis,(More)
Osteoclasts are multinucleated cells that resorb bone. Osteoclastogenesis inhibitory factor (OCIF), also called osteoprotegerin (OPG), acts as a naturally occurring decoy receptor for osteoclast differentiation factor, which mediates an essential signal to osteoclast progenitors for their differentiation into osteoclasts. Here we show that the OCIF/OPG(More)
Extracellular matrix (ECM) underlies a complicated multicellular architecture that is subjected to significant forces from mechanical environment. Although various components of the ECM have been enumerated, mechanisms that evolve the sophisticated ECM architecture remain to be addressed. Here we show that periostin, a matricellular protein, promotes(More)
To comprehensively evaluate gene expression in the early stage of fracture healing, we used a cDNA microarray with 2304 cDNA clones derived from an oligo-capped mouse embryo library. Closed mid-diaphyseal fractures were created in mouse tibiae and expression profiles were analyzed 3 days after fracture. Six genes were up-regulated in comparison to those in(More)
Bone metabolism consists of osteoblast-mediated bone formation coupled to osteoclastic resorption of bone. Osteoclastic bone resorption plays an important role in normal skeletal development and the maintenance of its integrity throughout life. Although osteoclastic activity is thought to be under the control of feedback regulation by extracellular cations,(More)
Previous reports have shown expression of immunoreactivity for periostin, originally identified as osteoblast-specific factor-2, in the periosteum and periodontal ligament. However, the developmental changes in its expression and the detailed immunolocalization have remained veiled. The present study was undertaken to examine the spatiotemporal expression(More)