Norimitsu Murai

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Neuropeptide Y (NPY) increases food intake through the action of hypothalamic NPY receptors. At least six subtypes of NPY, peptide YY (PYY), and pancreatic polypeptide (PP) receptors have been identified in mice. Although the involvement of Y1 and Y5 receptors in feeding regulation has been suggested, the relative importance of each of these NPY receptors(More)
Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is a potent feeding stimulant. The orexigenic effect of NPY might be caused in part by the action of Y1 receptors. However, the existence of multiple NPY receptors including a possible novel feeding receptor has made it difficult to determine the relative importance of the Y1 receptor in feeding regulation. Herein we certified that the(More)
There is some evidence that signals coming from both arms are used to determine the perceived position and movement of one arm. We examined whether the sense of position and movement of one (reference) arm is altered by increases in muscle spindle signals in the other (indicator) arm in blindfolded participants (n = 26). To increase muscle spindle(More)
The production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the resulting oxidative stress in mice in response to a controlled cortical impact (CCI) are typical exacerbating factors associated with traumatic brain injury (TBI). Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide 38 (PACAP38) is a multifunctional peptide that has been shown to exhibit neuroprotective(More)
In the subgranular zone (SGZ) of the hippocampus, neurogenesis persists throughout life and is upregulated following ischemia. Accumulating evidence suggests that enhanced neurogenesis stimulated by ischemic injury contributes to recovery after stroke. However, the mechanisms underlying the upregulation of neurogenesis are unclear. We have demonstrated that(More)
Although considerable progress has been made in understanding how the temporal and regional control of neural progenitor cells (NPCs) dictates their fate, their key regulators during neural development are still unknown. Ghrelin, which is isolated from porcine stomach extract, is an endogenous ligand for the growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHS-R). The(More)
Parkinson’s disease (PD) is an obstinate progressive neurodegenerative disease and characterized by locomotor impairment and dopaminergic neuronal degeneration in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNc). We examined in here the dietary effect of nucleoprotein (NP) extracted from salmon soft roe on 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine(More)
Pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP, encoded by adcyap1) plays an important role in ectodermal development. However, the involvement of PACAP in the development of other germ layers is still unclear. This study assessed the expression of a PACAP-specific receptor (PAC1) gene and protein in mouse bone marrow (BM). Cells strongly(More)
Type 1 diabetes mellitus is a progressive disease caused by the destruction of pancreatic β-cells, resulting in insulin dependency and hyperglycemia. While transplanted bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (BMMSCs) have been explored as an alternative therapeutic approach for diseases, the choice of delivery route may be a critical factor(More)
BACKGROUND Retinoid X receptors RXRalpha, beta and gamma exert multiple functions in the genetic regulation of mammalian signalling systems by forming heterodimeric complexes with several nuclear ligand receptors. In contrast to the widespread expression of RXRalpha and RXRbeta, the expression of RXRgamma is restricted to particular tissues in which(More)
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