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Ran/TC4 is a small nuclear G protein that forms a complex with the chromatin-bound guanine nucleotide release factor RCC1 (ref. 2). Loss of RCC1 causes defects in cell cycle progression, RNA export and nuclear protein import. Some of these can be suppressed by overexpression of Ran/TC4 (ref. 1), suggesting that Ran/TC4 functions downstream of RCC1. We have(More)
Point mutations that activate the Ki-ras proto-oncogene are presented in about 50 percent of human colorectal tumors. To study the functional significance of these mutations, the activated Ki-ras genes in two human colon carcinoma cell lines, DLD-1 and HCT 116, were disrupted by homologous recombination. Compared with parental cells, cells disrupted at the(More)
BACKGROUND Reducing sedentary time and increasing lifestyle activities, including light-intensity activity, may be an option to help prevent metabolic syndrome (MetS). The purpose of the present study was to examine whether objectively measured light-intensity lifestyle activity and sedentary time is associated with MetS, independent of moderate-vigorous(More)
In order to locate amino acid residues involved in the formation of feline calicivirus (FCV) neutralizing epitopes, we analysed the capsid protein gene of monoclonal antibody neutralization-resistant variants of FCV. Amino acid substitutions in the variants were identified in the two hypervariable regions of the capsid protein. Four linear and two(More)
BACKGROUND Although many studies have reported an association between self-reported physical activity and metabolic syndrome (MetS), there is limited information on the optimal level of physical activity required to prevent MetS. This study aimed to determine the association between objectively measured physical activity and MetS in middle-aged Japanese(More)
BACKGROUND HIV-1 and all retroviruses are related to retroelements of simpler organisms such as the yeast Ty elements. Recent work has suggested that the yeast retroelement Ty1 replicates via an unexpected RNA lariat intermediate in cDNA synthesis. The putative genomic RNA lariat intermediate is formed by a 2'-5' phosphodiester bond, like that found in(More)
Lymphoid enhancer factor 1 (LEF-1) mediates Wnt signaling via recruitment of β-catenin to target genes. The LEF1 gene is aberrantly transcribed in colon cancers because promoter 1 (P1) is a Wnt target gene and is activated by TCF-β-catenin complexes. A second promoter in intron 2 (P2) produces dominant negative LEF-1 isoforms (dnLEF-1), but P2 is silent(More)
BACKGROUND To evaluate the association between thigh intermuscular adipose tissue accumulation and number of metabolic syndrome risk factors in middle-aged and older Japanese adults. METHODS Thigh muscle cross-sectional area, subcutaneous adipose tissue, thigh intermuscular adipose tissue, abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue, and visceral adipose tissue(More)
Recent evidence has strongly supported that the rate of aging is controlled, at least to some extent, by evolutionarily conserved nutrient-sensing pathways (e.g., the insulin/insulin growth factor 1 (IGF-1)-signaling, molecular target of rapamycin in mammals (mTOR), adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK), and sirtuins) from worms to humans.(More)
To investigate the cellular and molecular interactions between clear-cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) and perinephric adipose tissue (PAT), perineoplasm PAT, PAT away from the neoplasm, renal sinus and subcutaneous adipose tissues were collected at the time of renal surgery for renal masses and conditioned medium (CM) was generated from 62 patients.(More)