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Chemotopic odour representations in the olfactory bulb are transferred to multiple forebrain areas and translated into appropriate output responses. However, a comprehensive projection map of bulbar output neurons at single-axon resolution is lacking in vertebrates. Here we unravel a projectome of the zebrafish olfactory bulb through genetic single-neuron(More)
Eutherian placenta, an organ that emerged in the course of mammalian evolution, provides essential architecture, the so-called feto-maternal interface, for fetal development by exchanging nutrition, gas and waste between fetal and maternal blood. Functional defects of the placenta cause several developmental disorders, such as intrauterine growth(More)
Although embryonic stem (ES) cell lines derived from mice and primates are used extensively, the development of such lines from other mammals is extremely difficult because of their rapid decline in proliferation potential and pluripotency after several passages. This study describes the establishment of rabbit ES cell lines with indefinite proliferation(More)
Because mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs) do not contribute to the formation of extraembryonic placenta when they are injected into blastocysts, it is believed that mESCs do not differentiate into trophoblast whereas human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) can express trophoblast markers when exposed to bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP4) in vitro. To test(More)
Somatic cell cloning by nuclear transfer (NT) in mice is associated with hyperplastic placentas at term. To dissect the effects of embryonic and extraembryonic tissues on this clone-associated phenotype, we constructed diploid (2n) fused with (<-->) tetraploid (4n) chimeras from NT- and fertilization-derived (FD) embryos. Generally, the 4n cells contributed(More)
The BUF/Mna strain of rat is a model of focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) in which a quantitative trait locus (QTL) for proteinuria, Pur1, has been identified. The aim of the present study was to identify candidates for the Pur1 gene. To narrow the Pur1 QTL, we performed fine QTL mapping and single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping. To(More)
Hyperplastic placentas have been reported in several experimental mouse models, including animals produced by somatic cell nuclear transfer, by inter(sub)species hybridization, and by somatic cytoplasm introduction to oocytes followed by intracytoplasmic sperm injection. Of great interest are the gross and histological features common to these placental(More)
Pheromones play vital roles for survival and reproduction in various organisms. In many fishes, prostaglandin F2α acts not only as a female reproductive hormone, facilitating ovulation and spawning, but also as a sex pheromone inducing male reproductive behaviors. Here, we unravel the molecular and neural circuit mechanisms underlying the pheromonal action(More)
Nucleotides released from food sources into environmental water are supposed to act as feeding cues for many fish species. However, it remains unknown how fish can sensitively detect those nucleotides. Here we discover a novel olfactory mechanism for ATP sensing in zebrafish. Upon entering into the nostril, ATP is efficiently converted into adenosine(More)
ESCs are most commonly derived from embryos originating from oocytes that reached metaphase II. We describe here a novel approach where ESCs with all pluripotency parameters were established from oocytes in which metaphase I was converted, from the cell cycle perspective, directly into metaphase II-like stage without the intervening anaphase to telophase I(More)
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