Noriko Shiraishi

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The critical role of IL-17 has recently been reported in a variety of conditions. Since IL-17 deeply participates in the pathogenesis of psoriasis and keratinocyte production of certain cytokines, the involvement of T helper cell 17 (Th17) in atopic dermatitis (AD) is an issue to be elucidated. To evaluate the participation of Th17 cells in AD, we(More)
CCR7 is regarded as an essential chemokine receptor for cutaneous dendritic cell (DC) migration into the regional lymph nodes. However, complete migratory inhibition cannot be obtained in CCR7-deficient mice, suggesting that there exist other chemokine receptors involved in this process. Initially, we found that CXCR4 was highly expressed on migrated(More)
A previous report has indicated that progesterone pretreatment can markedly reduce cadmium toxicity in male NAW mice. Therefore we examined the effects of progesterone pretreatment on cadmium toxicity in male Fischer (F344/NCr) rats. A single sc injection of 20 mumol CdCl2/kg proved nonlethal over 24 hr but caused the typical spectrum of testicular lesions(More)
Itching is the most important problem in many allergic and inflammatory skin diseases especially in atopic dermatitis. However, animal models for allergic dermatitis useful for the study of itching have rarely been established. We established a mouse allergic dermatitis model involving frequent scratching behavior by repeated painting with(More)
It has been reported that human monocyte derived-dendritic cells (DCs) express CXCR4, responsible for chemotaxis to CXCL12. However, it remains unknown whether CXCR4 is involved in other functions of DCs. Initially, we found that CXCR4 was expressed on bone marrow-derived DCs (BMDCs). The addition of specific CXCR4 antagonist, 4-F-Benzoyl-TN14003, to the(More)
There are immediate, late-phase, and delayed-type reactions to exogenous agents. In IFN-gamma-knockout (IFN-gamma(-/-)) and wild-type B6 mice, we examined the response to picryl chloride (PCl) for assessing delayed-type reactions, and the responses to repeatedly challenged FITC for immediate and late-phase reactions. The delayed-type hypersensitivity was(More)
Recent reports indicate that calmodulin inhibitors (CIs) can modify cadmium toxicity in rodents. For instance, pretreatment with CIs prevents cadmium-induced testicular damage in mice and substantially reduces such damage in rats, the latter effect coinciding with significant alterations in cadmium distribution. Although the basis of these effects is(More)
A recent report has indicated that cadmium-induced testicular damage in CF-1 mice can be prevented by pretreatment with calmodulin inhibitors such as chlorpromazine (CPZ), trifluoperazine, or N-(6-aminohexyl)-5-chloro-1-naphthalene sulfonamide (W-7). However, the basis of this tolerance to cadmium is unclear and has not been demonstrated in any species(More)
Compound 48/80 induced scratching behavior in BALB/c mice, and the role of mast cell mediators in this behavior was examined. Mouse scratching behavior was detected and evaluated using a new apparatus, MicroAct. Compound 48/80 increased the incidence of scratching behavior and scratching time in a dose-dependent manner, accompanied by a potent activation of(More)
Certain proto-oncogenes transfer growth regulatory signals from the cell surface to the nucleus. These genes often show activation soon after cells are exposed to mitogenic stimulation but can also be activated as a nonmitogenic stress response. Cadmium (Cd) is a carcinogenic metal in humans and rodents and, though its mechanism of action is unknown, it(More)