Noriko Shimode

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Anaphylactic reactions to blood transfusion can lead to life-threatening cardiovascular disruptions. We describe a case in which anaphylaxis due to blood transfusion during general anesthesia was the probable cause of coronary artery spasm. Thirty minutes after the transfusion of concentrated red blood cells, the patient’s blood pressure had dropped to(More)
We investigated the effect of an intrathecal injection of a selective alpha2 adrenergic receptor agonist, dexmedetomidine (Dex), and halothane anesthesia on Fos expression in the lumbar spinal dorsal horn after skin incision of the plantar surface of the hind paw, a postoperative pain model using rats. Fos immunoreactivity was induced particularly in the(More)
BACKGROUND A new lipid-free preparation of propofol has been developed containing the drug, sulfobutylether ß-cyclodextrin and water. The primary objective of this study was to compare the effects of propofol in the lipid formulation with those of the new cyclodextrin formulation, particularly with regard to pain on injection. We hypothesized that the(More)
We aimed to investigate the placental transfer of local anesthetics in perfusates with different pH values, using a dual-perfused human cotyledon model. The dual-perfused human cotyledon model was prepared from placentas obtained following cesarean delivery (n = 5). Protein-free solution was perfused through both maternal and fetal arteries. Four amide-type(More)
BACKGROUND Excessive bleeding after cardiopulmonary bypass remains a major complication for cardiac surgery. The principal causes of hemostatic bleeding are related to inadequate surgical hemostasis or diluted coagulopathy. We investigated the efficacy of cryoprecipitate (Cryo) transfusion in thoracic aortic surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. METHODS We(More)
BACKGROUND Succinylcholine provides rapid onset of neuromuscular blockade and short duration of action, but its administration may be associated with hyperkalemia. Rocuronium is not known to increase potassium concentration, has fast onset of activity, and can be rapidly reversed by sugammadex. This study evaluated changes in plasma potassium concentrations(More)
Placental transfer of volatile anesthetics is a critical issue in managing fetal distress during cesarean section under general anesthesia. Using dual perfused human placental cotyledons obtained from parturients undergoing elective cesarean section (n = 5), we investigated the effect of decreased fetal perfusion on placental clearance of sevoflurane and(More)
A 56-year-old man with Marfan's syndrome was scheduled for a valve-sparing aortic root replacement operation because of annuloaortic ectasia and aortic regurgitation. He had severe dyspnea. When the operation started, SpO2 decreased at the time of the median sternotomy, and increased by manual inflation. After sternal closure, PIP increased from 20 cmH2O to(More)