Noriko Shimasaki

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PURPOSE Methotrexate plasma concentration is related to its clinical effects. Our aim was to identify the genetic basis of interindividual variability in methotrexate pharmacokinetics in children with newly diagnosed acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). PATIENTS AND METHODS We performed a genome-wide analysis of 500,568 germline single-nucleotide(More)
PURPOSE To develop new therapies for children with solid tumors, we tested the cytotoxicity of natural killer (NK) cells expanded by coculture with K562-mb15-41BBL cells. We sought to identify the most sensitive tumor subtypes, clarify the molecular interactions regulating cytotoxicity, and determine NK antitumor potential in vivo. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN We(More)
Infusions of natural killer (NK) cells are an emerging tool for cancer immunotherapy. The development of clinically applicable methods to produce large numbers of fully functional NK cells is a critical step to maximize the potential of this approach. We determined the capacity of the leukemia cell line K562 modified to express a membrane-bound form of(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Hepatitis A virus (HAV) transmission via contaminated blood products has been reported. Cell-adapted HAV strains are generally used to confirm virus inactivation in manufacturing blood products, but the strains may differ in their sensitivity to inactivation treatment. To select an appropriate cell-adapted HAV strain for virus(More)
The authors investigated whether high-dose methotrexate-induced toxicity differed according to the presence of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) or reduced folate carrier 1 (RFC1) genetic polymorphism. The authors studied 15 children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia or lymphoblastic lymphoma who were treated using protocols that included(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells rely on surface receptors to distinguish healthy cells from cancer cells. We designed a receptor termed NKG2D-DAP10-CD3ζ that is composed of the NK cell activating molecule NKG2D plus 2 key signaling molecules, DAP10 and CD3ζ, and evaluated its capacity to promote cancer cell killing. Retroviral transduction of NKG2D-DAP10-CD3ζ(More)
Methotrexate (MTX) is the most important drug for treating rheumatoid arthritis (RA). It has been stated that cytokines play an important role in the pathogenesis of RA, and that cytokine levels increase and show 24-h rhythms in RA patients. Previously, we found that arthritis was relieved after the administration of MTX at specific times in synchronization(More)
BACKGROUND AIMS Retroviral transduction of anti-CD19 chimeric antigen receptors significantly enhances the cytotoxicity of natural killer (NK) cells against B-cell malignancies. We aimed to validate a more practical, affordable and safe method for this purpose. METHODS We tested the expression of a receptor containing CD3ζ and 4-1BB signaling molecules(More)
A one-step, single tube, real-time reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) assay was developed for detecting sequences of the untranslated region in the genome of hepatitis A virus (HAV). The RT-LAMP assay reported in this study was very simple and rapid; the HAV-specific amplification was obtained in 50 min under isothermal(More)
Natural killer (NK) cell survival and, hence, cytotoxicity requires cytokine support. We determined whether expression of interleukin-15 (IL-15) in a nonsecretory, membrane-bound form could sustain NK cell growth. We linked the human IL15 gene to that encoding CD8α transmembrane domain (mbIL15). After retroviral transduction, human NK cells expressed mbIL15(More)