Sickness evokes various neural responses, one of which is activation of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. This response can be induced experimentally by injection of bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or inflammatory cytokines such as IL-1. Although prostaglandins (PGs) long have been implicated in LPS-induced HPA axis activation, the mechanism… (More)
Social isolation contributes to the development of obesity and insulin-independent diabetes in KKA(y) mice. Here we show that systemic administration of liraglutide, a long-acting human glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) analog, significantly decreased food intake, body weight, and blood glucose levels at 24 h after its administration while having no… (More)
The ratio of C26:0/C22:0 fatty acids in patient lipids is widely accepted as a critical clinical criterion of peroxisomal diseases, such as Zellweger syndrome and X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy (X-ALD). However, phospholipid molecular species with very long chain fatty acids (VLCFA) have not been precisely characterized. In the present study, the structures… (More)
We report a 29-year-old man with limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 2M (LGMD2M) caused by a compound heterozygous mutation of 3-kb insertion in the 3'-untranslated region and c.1073A > C (p.Q358P) mutation in exon 9 in FKTN. He had been diagnosed since childhood as having Becker muscular dystrophy based on limb-girdle muscle weakness and calf muscle… (More)
diabetes. BP, blood pressure before and 3 months after angiotensin receptor blocker administration (mmHg). a P < 0.001 comparing before vs after.
The clinical and histopathological features of Cockayne syndrome in a 2-year-old girl are reported. Sural nerve biopsy revealed segmental demyelination and remyelination. The density of myelinated fibers, especially small ones, was decreased in comparison with an age-matched control. Although the total number of unmyelinated fibers showed no difference from… (More)