Sickness evokes various neural responses, one of which is activation of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. This response can be induced experimentally by injection of bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or inflammatory cytokines such as IL-1. Although prostaglandins (PGs) long have been implicated in LPS-induced HPA axis activation, the mechanism… (More)
O besity promotes the progression of atherosclerosis by inducing multiple cardiovascular and metabolic derangements such as diabetes, hyperten-sion, and dyslipidemia, all of which have high atherogenic potential. Adipose tissue has been considered an important endo-crine organ that secretes many biologically active substances, collectively known as… (More)
OBJECTIVE Thiazolidinediones (TZDs), a class of insulin-sensitizing agents used clinically to treat type 2 diabetes, are also antiatherogenic. This study was designed to elucidate the relationship between the antiatherogenic and antidiabetic effects of pioglitazone, a TZD, in type 2 diabetic patients. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A total of 136 Japanese… (More)
E icosapentaenoic acid (EPA), one representative of n-3 unsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFAs), is clinically used for its lipid-lowering effects (1). n-3 PUFAs were shown to exert various physiological functions such as antiplatelet actions (by antagonizing effects of arachidonic acid) and plaque stabilization (2,3). Several epidemiological studies have… (More)
It has been well established that raloxifene improves bone turnover, increases bone mineral density (BMD), and reduces the risk of fractures. However, it remains obscure which patients are more likely to respond to treatment with raloxifene in patients with postmenopausal osteoporosis. The purpose of this study was to investigate associations between… (More)
We report a 29-year-old man with limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 2M (LGMD2M) caused by a compound heterozygous mutation of 3-kb insertion in the 3'-untranslated region and c.1073A > C (p.Q358P) mutation in exon 9 in FKTN. He had been diagnosed since childhood as having Becker muscular dystrophy based on limb-girdle muscle weakness and calf muscle… (More)
diabetes. BP, blood pressure before and 3 months after angiotensin receptor blocker administration (mmHg). a P < 0.001 comparing before vs after.
The clinical and histopathological features of Cockayne syndrome in a 2-year-old girl are reported. Sural nerve biopsy revealed segmental demyelination and remyelination. The density of myelinated fibers, especially small ones, was decreased in comparison with an age-matched control. Although the total number of unmyelinated fibers showed no difference from… (More)