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Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) causes severe visual impairment due in part to age-dependent impairment of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). It has been suggested that autologous human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) may represent a useful cell source for the generation of graft RPE. We generated hiPSC-derived RPE (hiPSC-RPE) cell sheets(More)
Yip1p/Yif1p family proteins are five-span transmembrane proteins localized in the Golgi apparatus and the ER. There are nine family members in humans, and YIPF5 and YIF1A are the human orthologs of budding yeast Yip1p and Yif1p, respectively. We raised antisera against YIPF5 and YIF1A and examined the localization of endogenous proteins in HeLa cells.(More)
In contrast to the classical nuclear receptors, the constitutive androstane receptor (CAR) is transcriptionally active in the absence of ligand. In the course of searching for the mediator of CAR activation, we found that ligand-independent activation of CAR was achieved in cooperation with the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator-1(More)
Induction of pluripotent stem cells from human fibroblasts has been achieved by the ectopic expression of two different sets of four genes. However, the mechanism of the pluripotent stem cell induction has not been elucidated. Here we identified a marked heterogeneity in colonies generated by the four-gene (Oct3/4, Sox2, c-Myc, and Klf4) transduction method(More)
Helicobacter pylori infection of the gastricmucosal surface was investigated in patients withhamartomatous fundic polyps or hyperplastic polyps andin patients without endoscopic evidence of disease(healthy subjects). Presence of H. pylori infection wasdetermined by culture, histologic examination, and theendoscopic phenol red test. Adherence of H. pylori(More)
Basic studies of human pluripotential stem cells have advanced rapidly and stem cell products are now seeing therapeutic applications. However, questions remain regarding the tumorigenic potential of such cells. Here, we report the tumorigenic potential of induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) for the treatment of(More)
The Yip1 domain family (YIPF) proteins are homologues of yeast Yip1p and Yif1p, which are proposed to function in ER to Golgi transport. Here, we report the characterization of YIPF3 and YIPF4, homologues of human Yif1p and Yip1p, respectively. Immunofluorescence and immuno-electron microscopy showed that both YIPF3 and YIPF4 are clearly concentrated in the(More)
We assessed the feasibility of transplanting a sheet of retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells differentiated from induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) in a patient with neovascular age-related macular degeneration. The iPSCs were generated from skin fibroblasts obtained from two patients with advanced neovascular age-related macular degeneration and were(More)
The Integrating Network Objects with Hierarchies (INOH) database is a highly structured, manually curated database of signal transduction pathways including Mammalia, Xenopus laevis, Drosophila melanogaster, Caenorhabditis elegans and canonical. Since most pathway knowledge resides in scientific articles, the database focuses on curating and encoding(More)
Human Pluripotent Stem Cell (PSC)-derived cell therapy holds enormous promise because of the cells' "unlimited" proliferative capacity and the potential to differentiate into any type of cell. However, these features of PSC-derived cell products are associated with concerns regarding the generation of iatrogenic teratomas or tumors from residual immature or(More)