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Although prognostic gene expression signatures for survival in early-stage lung cancer have been proposed, for clinical application, it is critical to establish their performance across different subject populations and in different laboratories. Here we report a large, training-testing, multi-site, blinded validation study to characterize the performance(More)
In human lung adenocarcinomas harboring EGFR mutations, a second-site point mutation that substitutes methionine for threonine at position 790 (T790M) is associated with approximately half of cases of acquired resistance to the EGFR kinase inhibitors, gefitinib and erlotinib. To identify other potential mechanisms that contribute to disease progression, we(More)
Persistently activated or tyrosine-phosphorylated STAT3 (pSTAT3) is found in 50% of lung adenocarcinomas. pSTAT3 is found in primary adenocarcinomas and cell lines harboring somatic-activating mutations in the tyrosine kinase domain of EGFR. Treatment of cell lines with either an EGFR inhibitor or an src kinase inhibitor had no effect on pSTAT3 levels,(More)
A new lung adenocarcinoma classification is being proposed by the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer, American Thoracic Society and European Respiratory Society (IASLC/ATS/ERS). This proposal has not yet been tested in clinical datasets to determine whether it defines prognostically significant subgroups of lung adenocarcinoma. In all,(More)
To address the biological heterogeneity of lung cancer, we studied 199 lung adenocarcinomas by integrating genome-wide data on copy number alterations and gene expression with full annotation for major known somatic mutations in this cancer. This showed non-random patterns of copy number alterations significantly linked to EGFR and KRAS mutation status and(More)
A subset of lung cancers harbors a small inversion within chromosome 2p, giving rise to a transforming fusion gene, EML4-ALK (echinoderm microtubule-associated protein-like 4 gene and the anaplastic lymphoma kinase gene), which encodes an activated tyrosine kinase. We have earlier examined the presence of EML4-ALK by multiplex reverse(More)
The histologic heterogeneity of lung adenocarcinoma creates a variety of complex challenges to pathologists in analyzing the various subtypes. Current classification schemas do not take into account the major subtype. We analyzed 100 cases for clinical, pathologic, and molecular features using a modification of the 2004 World Health Organization (WHO)(More)
Although the p16(INK4a) and p21Waf1/Cip1 cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitors are known to play key roles in cellular senescence in vitro, their roles in senescence remain rather poorly understood in vivo. This situation is partly due to the possibility of compensatory effect(s) between p16INK4a and p21Waf1/Cip1 or to the upregulation of functionally(More)
According to the IASLC/ATS/ERS classification, the lepidic predominant pattern consists of 3 subtypes: adenocarcinoma in situ (AIS), minimally invasive adenocarcinoma (MIA), and nonmucinous lepidic predominant invasive adenocarcinoma. We reviewed tumor slides from 1038 patients with stage I lung adenocarcinoma, recording the percentage of each histologic(More)
PURPOSE To report a patient with bilateral choroidal metastases secondary to uterocervical carcinoma of the squamous cell type. METHODS Case report. RESULTS A 55-year-old woman complained of visual field loss and decreasing vision. Seven months earlier, uterocervical carcinoma of the squamous cell type was diagnosed and treated with chemotherapy and(More)