Noriko M. Tsuji

Learn More
Mucosal surfaces, especially those of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, are sites for tolerance induction to numerous exogenous antigens (Ags), and provide a microenvironment suitable for generating tolerogenic dendritic cells (DCs) that contribute to the functional maturation of regulatory T cells. During immune homeostasis in the GI tract, innate immune(More)
BACKGROUND Recognition of foreign substances by innate immunity through pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) regulates acquired immunity such as allergic reaction. Because PRRs recognize heterogeneous ligands, daily food intake can potentially regulate immune allergic reaction. OBJECTIVE Elucidation of the effect of lambda-carrageenan on allergic(More)
BACKGROUND The significance of serum concentrations of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is uncertain. We measured TNF-alpha in serum from IBD patients by immuno-PCR to analyze the relationship between TNF-alpha and pathophysiologic state in IBD. METHODS Serum samples were collected from 54(More)
Specific intestinal microbiota has been shown to induce Foxp3(+) regulatory T cell development. However, it remains unclear how development of another regulatory T cell subset, Tr1 cells, is regulated in the intestine. Here, we analyzed the role of two probiotic strains of intestinal bacteria, Lactobacillus casei and Bifidobacterium breve in T cell(More)
Listeria monocytogenes (LM), a facultative intracellular Gram-positive bacterium, often causes lethal infection of the host. In this study we investigated the molecular mechanism underlying LM eradication in the early phase of infection. Upon infection with LM, both IL-12 and IL-18 were produced, and then they synergistically induced IFN-gamma production,(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) express the immunoregulatory enzyme IDO in response to certain inflammatory stimuli, but it is unclear whether DCs express this enzyme under steady-state conditions in vivo. In this study, we report that the DCs in mesenteric lymph nodes (MLNs) constitutively express functional IDO, which metabolizes tryptophan to kynurenine. In line(More)
Transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) is activated by a variety of stimulations, such as endogenous ligands and low pH, and is believed to play a role in pain transmission. TRPV1 antagonists have been reported to be effective in several animal pain models; however, some compounds induce hyperthermia in animals and humans. We discovered the novel(More)
There have been few studies on the probiotic activity of Lactococcus strains although they are commonly used as starter bacteria in manufacturing many kinds of fermented dairy products. Nine strains of the genus Lactococcus were examined for their probiotic properties, such as adherence to human enterocyte-like Caco-2 cells and tolerance to acid and bile.(More)
IL-18, produced as biologically inactive precursor, is secreted from LPS-stimulated macrophages after cleavage by caspase-1. In this study, we investigated the mechanism underlying caspase-1-mediated IL-18 secretion. Kupffer cells constantly stored IL-18 and constitutively expressed caspase-1. Inhibition of new protein synthesis only slightly reduced IL-18(More)
Caspase-1 [IL-1beta-converting enzyme (ICE)] processes substrate precursor molecules to yield the biologically active form of IL-1beta and IL-18, both of which are considered to play important roles in the host defense by activation of both innate and adaptive immunity. We evaluated the immune response of caspase-1(-/-) mice to Listeria monocytogenes (LM)(More)