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Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) is a key enzyme in the hydrolysis of TG-rich lipoproteins. To elucidate the physiological roles of LPL in lipid and lipoprotein metabolism, we generated transgenic rabbits expressing human LPL. In postheparinized plasma of transgenic rabbits, the human LPL protein levels were about 650 ng/ml, and LPL enzymatic activity was found at(More)
Cell lines expressing varying levels of ganglioside GM3 at the cell surface show different degrees of adhesion and spreading on solid phase coated with such glycosphingolipids (GSLs) as Gg3 (GalNAc beta 1----4Gal beta 1----4Glc beta 1----1Cer), LacCer (Gal beta 1----4Glc beta 1----1Cer), or Gb4 (GalNAc beta 1----3Gal alpha 1----4Gal beta 1----4Glc beta(More)
We investigated the role of carbohydrates in blastocyst attachment to the uterine epithelium. Le(y) (Fuc alpha 1-->2Gal beta 1-->4[Fuc alpha 1-->3] GlcNAc) was localized by indirect immunofluorescence to the surface of the mouse blastocyst and uterine epithelium. Western blot analysis showed that Le(y) is carried on many uterine glycoproteins in both(More)
In view of the possible role of glycosphingolipids in defining the specificity of cell-cell interactions, the key molecules for recognition of cell surface glycosphingolipids have been studied. In addition to previously suggested recognition mechanisms involving endogenous lectins and glycosyltransferases, an alternative possibility, based on(More)
GM3-expressing cells adhere, spread and migrate on plastic plates coated with Gg3, LacCer and Gb4, but not with other glycosphingolipids (GSLs). Thus, cell adhesion, spreading and migration through GSL-GSL interaction occur in an analogous fashion to the interaction of cells with adhesive matrix proteins [AP, e.g. fibronectin (FN), laminin (LN)] through(More)
Initial adhesion of B16 melanoma variants to non-activated endothelial cells is mediated through specific interaction between GM3 (NeuAc alpha 2----3Gal beta 1----4Glc beta 1----Cer) expressed on melanoma cells and lactosylceramide (LacCer, Gal beta 1----4Glc beta 1----Cer) expressed on endothelial cells. This adhesion is predominant over integrin- or(More)
Tumor cell (TC) metastasis is initiated by selective adhesion of TCs to target structures such as basement membrane and endotheliaI cells (ECs), followed by transvascular migration of TCs. Variants of murine B16 melanoma having different metastatic potentials (in the order BL6 greater than or equal to F10>F1>WA4) have been characterized by the same(More)
Expression of sialosyl-Le(x) (SLe(x)) and sialosyl-Le(a) (SLe(a)) on tumor cell lines HL60, Colo205, and U937 was greatly suppressed by application of benzyl-alpha-GalNAc for inhibition of O-linked carbohydrate chain extension, which resulted in reduced adhesion of tumor cells to activated endothelial cells or platelets mediated by ELAM-1 (E-selectin) or(More)
Chromosome elimination is a process in which some chromatins are discarded from the presumptive somatic cells during early embryogenesis. Eliminated chromatins in hagfish generally consist of repetitive sequences, and they are highly heterochromatinized in germ cells. In this study, we characterized four novel eliminated DNA families, EEPs1–4, from the(More)
E-selectin has a "multi-recognition" capability in terms of epitope binding specificity, depending on adhesion conditions (static vs. low- or high-shear stress dynamic systems). Specifically, (i) adhesion based on expression of alpha 2-->3 sialylated Le(x) (SLe(x)) is prominent under static or low shear stress dynamic conditions; (ii) adhesion under high(More)