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We investigated the role of carbohydrates in blastocyst attachment to the uterine epithelium. Le(y) (Fuc alpha 1-->2Gal beta 1-->4[Fuc alpha 1-->3] GlcNAc) was localized by indirect immunofluorescence to the surface of the mouse blastocyst and uterine epithelium. Western blot analysis showed that Le(y) is carried on many uterine glycoproteins in both(More)
Cell lines expressing varying levels of ganglioside GM3 at the cell surface show different degrees of adhesion and spreading on solid phase coated with such glycosphingolipids (GSLs) as Gg3 (GalNAc beta 1----4Gal beta 1----4Glc beta 1----1Cer), LacCer (Gal beta 1----4Glc beta 1----1Cer), or Gb4 (GalNAc beta 1----3Gal alpha 1----4Gal beta 1----4Glc beta(More)
A lectin was purified from Japanese sea hare Aplysia kurodai by lactosyl-agarose affinity chromatography. The molecular mass of the lectin was determined to be 56 and 32 kDa by SDS-PAGE under non-reducing and reducing conditions, respectively. It was found to agglutinate trypsinized and glutaraldehyde-fixed rabbit and human erythrocytes in the absence of(More)
GM3-expressing cells adhere, spread and migrate on plastic plates coated with Gg3, LacCer and Gb4, but not with other glycosphingolipids (GSLs). Thus, cell adhesion, spreading and migration through GSL-GSL interaction occur in an analogous fashion to the interaction of cells with adhesive matrix proteins [AP, e.g. fibronectin (FN), laminin (LN)] through(More)
We previously proposed specific interaction of Le(x) (Gal beta 1-->4 [Fuc alpha 1-->3]-GlcNAc beta 1-->3Gal) with Le(x) as a basis of cell adhesion in pre-implantation embryos and in aggregation of F9 teratocarcinoma cells, based on several lines of evidence (Eggens et al., J. Biol Chem (1989) 264:9476-9484). We now present additional evidence for this(More)
In view of the possible role of glycosphingolipids in defining the specificity of cell-cell interactions, the key molecules for recognition of cell surface glycosphingolipids have been studied. In addition to previously suggested recognition mechanisms involving endogenous lectins and glycosyltransferases, an alternative possibility, based on(More)
Initial adhesion of B16 melanoma variants to non-activated endothelial cells is mediated through specific interaction between GM3 (NeuAc alpha 2----3Gal beta 1----4Glc beta 1----Cer) expressed on melanoma cells and lactosylceramide (LacCer, Gal beta 1----4Glc beta 1----Cer) expressed on endothelial cells. This adhesion is predominant over integrin- or(More)
E-selectin has a "multi-recognition" capability in terms of epitope binding specificity, depending on adhesion conditions (static vs. low- or high-shear stress dynamic systems). Specifically, (i) adhesion based on expression of alpha 2-->3 sialylated Le(x) (SLe(x)) is prominent under static or low shear stress dynamic conditions; (ii) adhesion under high(More)
Tumor cell (TC) metastasis is initiated by selective adhesion of TCs to target structures such as basement membrane and endotheliaI cells (ECs), followed by transvascular migration of TCs. Variants of murine B16 melanoma having different metastatic potentials (in the order BL6 greater than or equal to F10>F1>WA4) have been characterized by the same(More)
Expression of sialosyl-Le(x) (SLe(x)) and sialosyl-Le(a) (SLe(a)) on tumor cell lines HL60, Colo205, and U937 was greatly suppressed by application of benzyl-alpha-GalNAc for inhibition of O-linked carbohydrate chain extension, which resulted in reduced adhesion of tumor cells to activated endothelial cells or platelets mediated by ELAM-1 (E-selectin) or(More)