We examined the relation between coffee drinking and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) mortality in the Japan Collaborative Cohort Study for Evaluation of Cancer Risk (JACC Study). In total, 110,688 cohort members (46,399 male and 64,289 female subjects) aged 40-79 years were grouped by coffee intake into three categories: one or more cups per day, less than… (More)
Frogs have highly conserved hand and foot morphology, possessing four fingers and five toes. As an exception, two Japanese ranid frog species, the Otton frog Babina subaspera and the dagger frog Babina holsti, possess a unique thumb-like structure (the pseudothumb) in the forelimb, giving an appearance of a total of five fingers on the hand. To obtain… (More)
We evaluated the interaction between hepatitis C virus (HCV) and cigarette smoking on death from hepatocellular cancer in The Japan Collaborative Cohort Study. The odds ratio of death from HCC for smoking was 9.60 (1.50-61.35) and 1.71(0.58-5.08) among anti-HCV positive and negative individuals, respectively.
The Japan Collaborative Cohort Study for Evaluation of Cancer Risk Sponsored by Monbusho (JACC Study) included in its self-administered questionnaires some single-item questions concerning physical activity. We examined the validity of the questions among 1,730 Japanese adults and the reliability of the questions among 1,075 Japanese adults. The validity of… (More)
The Otton frog, Babina subaspera, is an endangered forest frog species with unusual morphological and ecological features compared with other frogs. Eight microsatellite markers were isolated from B. subaspera and characterized with 24 individuals from Amami Islands, Kagoshima prefecture, Japan. The number of alleles observed for each locus ranged from 9 to… (More)
The Otton frog (Babina subaspera) and Holst’s frog (Babina holsti) are both endangered sister species belonging to family Ranidae. For extensive genetic and ecological research of these species, we isolated and characterized 8 new microsatellite loci of the Otton frog and validated cross-amplification in Holst’s frog along with 8 previously reported loci.… (More)
The otton frog (Babina subaspera) is an endangered species endemic to the Amami Islands, Japan. High predation pressure from an introduced carnivore, the mongoose, has caused declines in the frog populations and created a large habitat gap around an urban area. To promote effective conservation, we investigated the genetic status of the species and examined… (More)
Renin expression in the central nervous system in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) has been reported to be higher than that in age-matched Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats. In the present study, we examined the mechanisms of enhancement of renin mRNA concentration in the brainstem of SHR using F2 hybrid rats derived from cross-breeding SHR with WKY. The SHR… (More)