Norikazu Urabe

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OBJECTIVES Secondary spontaneous pneumothorax (SSP) is more common in elderly patients; it has high rates of recurrence and mortality, even if surgery is performed. There has been little study on the surgical treatment of SSP. Therefore, we analysed the outcomes of surgical treatment of SSP patients, and investigated the risk factors of recurrence and(More)
PURPOSE With secondary spontaneous pneumothorax (SSP) associated with emphysema, lesions responsible for pneumothorax can be located anywhere along the lung surface. Among such lesions, ruptured bullae at the azygoesophageal recess (AER) have received little attention thus far. METHODS We conducted a retrospective study of 38 right SSP patients with(More)
We present a primary spontaneous pneumothorax involving a possible diagnostic and surgical pitfall. A 25-year-old man with a previously identified azygos lobe was admitted to our hospital because of right primary spontaneous pneumothorax. A preoperative chest X-ray at the onset of the pneumothorax as well as after resolution by tube drainage showed an(More)
Nontuberculous mycobacterial lung disease rarely features pleural involvement. Therapeutic strategies for this situation have not been well established. We present a case of acute empyema with intractable pneumothorax associated with ruptured lung abscess caused by Mycobacterium avium in an immunocompromised patient. Combined treatment that included(More)
The immunosuppressive effect of FK506 (FK) in comparison to cyclosporine A (CsA) on lung graft rejection was demonstrated using 24 mongrel dogs with left lung allotransplantation. The cytotoxic activity of peripheral blood mononuclear cells was evaluated using donor skin fibroblasts. In eight dogs not given immunosuppression, the grafted lungs lost aeration(More)
BACKGROUND Anatomical variations of the pulmonary vessels relevant to pulmonary surgery are of concern to thoracic surgeons. Among such variations, the right upper lobe vein posterior to the bronchus intermedius (UVPBI) has received little attention thus far. METHODS Chest computed tomographic images and medical records of 725 patients were(More)
To elucidate the vascular endothelial function at pulmonary ischemia and reperfusion, cyclic GMP (cGMP) release in lung perfusate at reperfusion after ischemia was examined as a marker of nitric oxide (NO) release from the endothelium in an in situ perfused rabbit lung. The lung was perfused from the pulmonary artery with Krebs-Henselite buffer and cGMP in(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated the relationship between acute lung rejection and donor-specific cytotoxic activity (DSCA) in recipient's lymphocytes obtained from bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL). METHODS A total of 26 mongrel dogs underwent left lung allotransplantation. Dogs received either no immunosuppressive treatment (group I), cyclosporine (group II), or(More)
It has been reported that reperfusion injury results in the diminished nitric oxide (NO) release from the pulmonary vascular endothelium. However, this mechanism is completely unknown. We examined the effect of superoxide dismutase (SOD) on NO release at reperfusion. A rabbit lung was perfused with Krebs-Henselit buffer in a recirculation system. Cyclic GMP(More)
We investigated the correlation between the donor specific CTL activities and pathological findings of the grafted lungs by using mononuclear cells obtained from BAL fluids (BAL), peripheral blood (PBL), spleen (SpL) and grafted lungs (GIL) in canine lung allotransplantation. Twenty eight mongrel dogs underwent left lung allotransplantation. Fifteen dogs(More)