Norikazu Matsuo

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BACKGROUND Expression of programmed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) is known to be a mechanism whereby cancer can escape immune surveillance, but little is known about factors predictive of efficacy in patients with locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We investigated the predictive relevance of PD-L1 expression and CD8+ tumour-infiltrating(More)
INTRODUCTION Rebiopsy in patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) resistant to systemic chemotherapy may yield information on the mechanisms of resistance and planning of subsequent treatment. Transbronchial biopsy (TBB) using a flexible bronchoscope has been commonly used for establishing the initial diagnosis of lung cancer. The aim of(More)
Pemetrexed (PEM) is an antimetabolite drug that interferes with enzymes involved in DNA synthesis and also the folate-dependent metabolic processes necessary for DNA replication and homocysteine homeostasis. Continuation maintenance with PEM after induction therapy with PEM plus cisplatin has been the standard form of first-line chemotherapy for advanced(More)
Bevacizumab, a humanized monoclonal antibody against vascular endothelial growth factor, is anticipated to prolong survival with inhibition of angiogenesis in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer. Rare life-threatening adverse events affecting the digestive tract have been reported, such as gastrointestinal hemorrhage and bowel perforation. A(More)
Programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) receptor-ligand interaction is a major pathway that is often hijacked by tumors to suppress immune control. Immunoscore (IS), a combinational index of CD3 and CD8 tumor-infiltrating lymphocyte (TIL) density in the tumor's center and invasive margin, is a new prognostic tool suggested to be superior to conventional(More)
The most common event responsible for resistance to first- and second-generation (1st and 2nd) epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) is acquisition of T790M mutation. We examined whether T790M is related to clinicopathologic or prognostic factors in patients with relapse of EGFR mutant non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)(More)
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