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The smooth pursuit system moves the eyes in space accurately while compensating for visual inputs from the moving background and/or vestibular inputs during head movements. To understand the mechanisms underlying such interactions, we examined the influence of a stationary textured visual background on smooth pursuit tracking and compared the results in(More)
Saccades are eye movements that are used to foveate targets rapidly and accurately. Their amplitude must be adjusted continually, throughout life, to compensate for movement inaccuracies due to maturation, pathology, or aging. One possible locus for such saccade adaptation is the superior colliculus (SC), the relay for cortical commands to the premotor(More)
Saccade accuracy is maintained by adaptive mechanisms that continually modify saccade amplitude to reduce dysmetria. Previous studies suggest that adaptation occurs upstream of the caudal fastigial nucleus (CFN), the output of the oculomotor cerebellar vermis but downstream from the superior colliculus (SC). The nucleus reticularis tegmenti pontis (NRTP) is(More)
PURPOSE The effect of transient tumor expansion after conventionally fractionated stereotactic radiation therapy (SRT) on the symptomatic outcomes is not well-known. METHODS AND MATERIALS This study enrolled 201 consecutive patients who received SRT for vestibular schwannoma. A conventional fractionation schedule was applied in 194 patients (97%), and 142(More)
To investigate the frequency of positioning nystagmus in degenerative ataxic disorders, we examined downbeat positioning nystagmus (DPN) in 25 patients with spinocerebellar ataxia type 6 (SCA6) and 58 patients with other types of degenerative ataxia. DPN was observed in 21 of the 25 patients with SCA6 (84 %) versus only 3 of the 58 patients (5.2 %) with(More)
The olfactory epithelium of mice generally consists of olfactory cells, progenitors of olfactory cells (globose basal cells), supporting cells, and horizontal basal cells. However, in the dorsal fossa (the roof) of the posterior nasal cavity of mice, we found seven epithelial patches consisting of only non-neuronal cell types, i.e., supporting cells and(More)
The primate frontal cortex contains two areas related to smooth-pursuit: the frontal eye fields (FEFs) and supplementary eye fields (SEFs). To distinguish the specific role of the SEFs in pursuit, we examined discharge of a total of 89 pursuit-related neurons that showed consistent modulation when head-stabilized Japanese monkeys pursued a spot moving(More)
Saccade accuracy is maintained by adaptive mechanisms that continually modify saccade amplitude to reduce dysmetria. Previous studies suggest that adaptation occurs upstream of the caudal fastigial nucleus (CFN), the output of the oculomotor cerebellar vermis but downstream from the superior colliculus (SC). The nucleus reticularis tegmenti pontis (NRTP) is(More)
The smooth pursuit system interacts with the vestibular system to maintain the accuracy of eye movements in space. To understand neural mechanisms of short-term modifications of the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) induced by pursuit-vestibular interactions, we used a cross-axis procedure in trained monkeys. We showed earlier that pursuit training in the plane(More)
To maintain optimal clarity of objects moving in three dimensions, precise coordination of binocular eye movements is required in frontal-eyed primates. Caudal parts of the frontal eye fields (FEFs) contain smooth pursuit neurons and the discharge of the majority of them is related to vergence eye movements as well. However, whether or not those pursuit(More)