Norihito Sakaguchi

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Vacancies and interstitial atoms are primary lattice (point) defects that cause observable microstructural changes, such as the formation of dislocation loops and voids in crystalline solids. These defects' diffusion properties determine the phase stability and environmental resistibility of macroscopic materials under ambient conditions. Although in situ(More)
We investigated the stability of Pd/ZnO polar interfaces formed by internal oxidation of Pd-Zn alloys by using high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, electron energy-loss spectroscopy and convergent-beam electron diffraction. At 1273 K, a [Formula: see text] polar interface defaceted and transformed into a curved interface, while another(More)
The dielectric function of α-Al2O3 was measured by electron energy-loss spectroscopy (EELS) coupled with the difference method. The influence of Cerenkov radiation was significant in measurements using a 200kV transmission electron microscope (TEM) and the correct dielectric function could not be obtained using the conventional EELS procedure. However, a(More)
Carbon nanohorns (CNHs), formed by a rolled graphene structure and terminating in a cone, are promising nanomaterials for the development of a variety of biological applications. Here we demonstrate that alkaline phosphatase activity is dramatically increased by coculture of human monocyte derived macrophages (hMDMs) and human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs)(More)
The cell structure and interface between cultured cells and a multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWCNT)-coated sponge (MWCNT-coated sponge) were observed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Moreover, the atomic structure of MWCNTs that entered the cells was also examined by means of high-resolution TEM (HRTEM). MWCNTs were observed in the cytoplasm, and a(More)
Mix and match: The pentagonal [Mo(6)O(21)](n-) polyoxomolybdate building block assembles with other sources of Mo, V, and Sb ions to form an orthorhombic Mo-V-Sb oxide. The first single-crystal X-ray analysis of an orthorhombic Mo-V-based oxide, a promising catalyst for light alkane selective oxidation known as the "M1 phase", revealed the structure of the(More)
{112} 3 CSL grain boundary in silicon was investigated by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and ab-initio calculation. A {112} 3 CSL boundary consisted of two segments which differed in atomic structure. The segment near the connected corner to {111} 3 CSL boundary showed symmetric structure and the other long segment, being distant(More)
Nanoparticulate gold supported on Keggin-type polyoxometalate (POM), Cs4[α-SiW12O40]·nH2O, was prepared by the sol immobilization method. The size of the gold nanoparticles (NPs) was approximately 2 nm, which was almost the same as the size of the gold colloid precursor. Deposition of gold NPs smaller than 2 nm onto POM (Au/POM) was essential for a high(More)
Three-dimensional (3D) distributional analysis of individual dopant atoms in materials is important to development of optical, electronic, and magnetic materials. In this study, we adopted through-focus high-angle annular dark-field (HAADF) imaging for 3D distributional analysis of Eu dopant atoms in Ca-α-SiAlON phosphors. In this context, the effects of(More)