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We investigated the temporal profile of heat shock protein 70 induction in the rat hippocampus using immunohistochemistry to clarify the mechanism of ischemic tolerance following preconditioning with sublethal ischemia. Although a 6-min period of forebrain ischemia produced severe neuronal damage to the hippocampal CA1 subfield, preconditioning with 3 min(More)
We examined the effects of treatment with basic fibroblast growth factor (b-FGF) on hippocampal CA1 neuronal damage following 3 min of forebrain ischemia in the gerbil. Continuous infusion of b-FGF (24 or 240 ng/day over 4 days) using an implanted osmotic minipump into the lateral ventricle prevented CA1 neuronal damage in a dose-dependent manner.
Bone matrix gelatin, prepared by chemical extraction of soluble noncollagenous proteins, was half digested with a chromatographically purified collagenase. The residue was placed on one side and autologous muscle on the other side of cellulose acetate membranes in diffusion chambers and tissue cultures. In this avascular system, the muscle septa connective(More)
We investigated the changes of copper/zinc superoxide dismutase (CuZn-SOD) and manganese superoxide dismutase (Mn-SOD) in the rat hippocampus after 10 min of cerebral ischemia induced by 4-vessel occlusion. The rats were allowed to survive for 4 h, 1 day, 3 days, and 7 days after ischemia. The distribution of SODs were determined by immunohistochemical(More)
The nature of quantum spin liquids, a novel state of matter where strong quantum fluctuations destroy the long-range magnetic order even at zero temperature, is a long-standing issue in physics. We measured the low-temperature thermal conductivity of the recently discovered quantum spin liquid candidate, the organic insulator EtMe3Sb[Pd(dmit)2]2. A sizable(More)
[D-Arg2,Sar4]-dermorphin (1-4) [DAS-DER (1-4)] was compared with morphine for the capacity to affect mouse gastrointestinal transit and electrically evoked contractions of the guinea pig ileum (GPI). A single subcutaneous injection with DAS-DER (1-4) and morphine dose-dependently inhibited gastrointestinal transit of charcoal in mice. DAS-DER (1-4) with(More)
We examined whether preconditioning with sublethal ischemia protects against neuronal damage following subsequent lethal ischemic insults. Forebrain ischemia for 3 min in Wistar rats increased heat shock protein-70 immunoreactivity in the hippocampal CA1 subfield but produced no neuronal damage. Preconditioning with 3 min of ischemia followed by 3 days of(More)
Using immunohistochemistry, we visualized the localization of ubiquitin in the gerbil hippocampus following 3 min of ischemia with or without pretreatment with 2 min of sublethal ischemia and 3 days of reperfusion. Ubiquitin immunoreactivity in the hippocampus disappeared 4 h after 3 min of ischemia both with and without pretreatment. The immunoreactivity(More)
To clarify the role of heat shock protein-70 (HSP70) in ischaemic tolerance following pretreatment with sublethal cerebral ischaemia, we examined whether the induction of tolerance in the gerbil hippocampus is inhibited by quercetin, an inhibitor of HSP70 expression, or anti-HSP70 antibody. A 3 min period of forebrain ischaemia was induced following(More)
The effects of prostaglandin (PG) E2 on glutamate-induced cytotoxicity were examined using primary cultures of rat cortical neurons. The cell viability was significantly reduced when cultures were briefly exposed to either glutamate or N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) then incubated with normal medium for 1 h. Similar cytotoxicity was observed with the brief(More)