Norihiro Yoshinaga

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Rat brain, frozen in liquid nitrogen immediately after decapitation, contains a substantial amount of 2-arachidonoylglycerol (0.34 nmol/g tissue), an endogenous cannabinoid receptor ligand. The level of 2-arachidonoylglycerol in the brain was rapidly augmented after decapitation, the peak being noted 30 s after decapitation (1.54 nmol/g tissue). Noticeably,(More)
The levels of 2-arachidonoylglycerol, an endogenous cannabinoid receptor ligand, and other molecular species of monoacylglycerols in rat brain were examined. In this study, we sacrificed the animals in liquid nitrogen to minimize postmortem changes. We found that rat brain contains 0.23 nmol/g tissue of 2-arachidonoylglycerol, which accounts for 10.5% of(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and arachidonic acid (AA) can both function as extra- and intra-cellular messengers to regulate various cell functions including cell death. The effect of ROS on phospholipase A2 (PLA2) activity and/or AA release has not been extensively studied in neuronal cells. In this study, we investigated the effects of H2O2 on AA release(More)
Nociceptive responses in an animal model of peripheral nerve injury were studied. The left common sciatic nerve was exposed, tightly ligated at two locations and transected between the ligatures. A bilateral decrease in the nociceptive threshold to mechanical stimulation was observed within 3 h after the operation. The skin of the lateral dorsal part of the(More)
Previously we reported that 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium ion (MPP(+)), a dopaminergic neurotoxin, induced apoptosis of GH3 cells established from rat anterior pituitary. In the present study, the role of MPP(+) along with that of other apoptotic factors such as Ca(2+) and H(2)O(2) in cell death was examined. Ionomycin induced DNA fragmentation and lactate(More)
In this study we investigated the uptake and effect of a dopaminergic neurotoxin, 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium ion (MPP+) on a clonal strain, GH3 cells, established from rat anterior pituitary. Although the level was very low compared with that in PC12 cells, a clonal rat pheochromocytoma cell line, there was a detectable amount of tyrosine hydroxylase(More)
We previously reported that OT-7100 (5-n-butyl-7-(3,4,5-trimethoxybenzoylamino)pyrazolo[1,5-alpha]pyrimidine) had antinociceptive potency in various animal models. To further characterize this compound, the present study examined the effects of OT-7100 on mechanical hyperalgesia and motor nerve conduction velocity in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.(More)
We studied the effects of OT-7100 (5-n-butyl-7-(3,4,5-trimethoxybenzoylamino)pyrazolo [1,5-a]pyrimidine), a novel analgesic compound, on the inhibitory action of adenosine on the contraction of guinea pig ileum and investigated the effects of OT-7100 on the nociceptive responses in animal models of inflammatory and peripheral neuropathic hyperalgesia and(More)
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