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AIM We have previously reported that therapy with midkine (MK) has a protective effect in mouse models of myocardial infarction (MI) and ischemia/reperfusion. The underlying mechanism was proved to be anti-apoptosis and prevention of left ventricular (LV) remodelling following angiogenesis. Here we investigated the effects of overexpression of MK by(More)
In the process of angiogenesis, endothelial adhesion molecules play a significant role in vascular morphogenesis, in coordination with angiogenic factor signaling. Here we report that a novel angiogenesis inhibitor, E7820 (an aromatic sulfonamide derivative), inhibited in vitro proliferation and tube formation of human umbilical vascular endothelial cell(More)
T-type Ca2+ channels (TCCs) are involved in cardiac cell growth and proliferation in cultured cardiomyocytes. Underlying molecular mechanisms are not well understood. In this study, we investigated the role of TCCs in signal transduction in cardiac hypertrophy compared with L-type Ca2+ channels (LCCs). Cardiomyocytes dissociated from neonatal mouse(More)
Vα24 invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells are a subset of T lymphocytes implicated in the regulation of broad immune responses. They recognize lipid antigens presented by CD1d on antigen-presenting cells and induce both innate and adaptive immune responses, which enhance effective immunity against cancer. Conversely, reduced iNKT cell numbers and(More)
Mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) antagonists decrease the incidence of sudden cardiac death in patients with heart failure, as has been reported in two clinical trials (Randomized Aldactone Evaluation Study and Eplerenone Post-Acute Myocardial Infarction Heart Failure Efficacy and Survival Study). Aldosterone has been shown to increase the propensity to(More)
AIMS Na(+) channel blockers are often used to treat atrial fibrillation (AF), but may sometimes cause ventricular contractile dysfunction. However, amiodarone, a multi-channel blocker with Na(+) channel block, causes less contractile dysfunction. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that Na(+) channel block by amiodarone is selective in atrial myocytes(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated a discrete population of midmyocardial (M) cells in the ventricular myocardium having excessive action potential duration (APD) prolongation during long activation cycle lengths (CL) and under the influence of APD-prolonging agents. However, M cells have not been found in other studies. Existing explanations for the(More)
OBJECTIVES To explore the mechanism, we tested the hypothesis that premature epicardial stimulation transiently increased the dispersion of repolarization leading to VT. BACKGROUND Premature stimulation initiated ventricular tachycardia (VT) when applied to the epicardium but not to the endocardium in a canine model of long QT syndrome (LOTS). METHODS(More)
AIMS The aim of this study was to investigate the role of gap junctions in atrial fibrillation (AF) by analysing the effects of a gap junction enhancer and blocker on AF vulnerability and electrophysiological properties of isolated hearts. METHODS AND RESULTS The acute atrial stretch model of AF in the isolated rabbit heart was used. Sustained AF (SAF)(More)
Spiral-wave (SW) reentry is a major organizing principle of ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation (VT/VF). We tested a hypothesis that pharmacological modification of gap junction (GJ) conductance affects the stability of SW reentry in a two-dimensional (2D) epicardial ventricular muscle layer prepared by endocardial cryoablation of Langendorff-perfused(More)