Norihiro Shima

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BACKGROUND Physical activity programs in nursing homes typically consist of seated, range of motion (ROM) exercises, regardless of resident abilities. The Functional Fitness for Long-Term Care (FFLTC) Program was designed not only to maintain ROM, but also to improve strength, balance, flexibility, mobility, and function. In addition, it was tailored to(More)
The purpose of the present study was to examine the changes in maximum voluntary isometric contraction (MVC) in the contralateral untrained limb during unilateral resistance training and detraining, and to examine the factors inducing these changes by means of electrophysiological techniques. Nine healthy males trained their plantar flexor muscles(More)
The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of ankle taping and bracing based on the peroneal reflex in the hypermobile and normal ankle joints with and without history of ankle injury. Thirty-six ankle joints of 18 collegiate American football athletes with and without previous history of injury were studied. The angle of talar tilt (TT)(More)
PURPOSE This study examined circulatory and metabolic changes in a working muscle during a crank cycle in a pedaling exercise with near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). METHODS NIRS measurements sampled under stable metabolic and cadence conditions during incremental pedaling exercise were reordered according to the crank angles whose signals were obtained(More)
To examine whether postactivation potentiation (PAP) was related to changes in the electromyogram (EMG) and in the mechanomyogram (MMG), evoked twitch torque properties were compared before and after a 10 s plantar flexion MVC in ten male subjects. Peak twitch torque (Pt), and the peak acceleration of the twitch torque development (d2 T/dt 2) were measured(More)
The effect of age on mechanomyography (MMG) has not been examined for electrically evoked contractions. Similar to torque, we expected that postactivation potentiation of the MMG would differ between young and old subjects. Additionally, under voluntary conditions, we compared normalized MMG and electromyographic (EMG) signals in relation to torque, and(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to examine modulation of the soleus Hoffmann (H)-reflex in response to the Jendrássik maneuver (JM) in standing positions in young and elderly subjects. METHODS Seventeen elderly (mean age=72.0 years) and 23 young (mean age=23.2 years) apparently healthy subjects were examined in two separate experiments. The first(More)
The purpose of the present study was to test the hypothesis that the ventilatory response to exercise at sea level may increase after intermittent hypoxic exposure for 1 week, accompanied by an increase in hypoxic or hypercapnic ventilatory chemosensitivity. One group of eight subjects (hypoxic group) were decompressed in a chamber to 432 torr (where 1(More)
Intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) is closely related to breathing behavior during lifting. Abdominal muscles contribute to both IAP development and respiratory function. The purpose of this study was to examine whether spontaneous breath volume and IAP altered with increased isometric lifting effort, and to compare the effect of different abdominal muscle(More)
This study aimed to determine if combined exercise intervention improves physical performance and gait joint-kinematics including the joint angle and dynamic range of motion (ROM) related to the risk of falling in community-dwelling elderly women. A 12-week combined exercise intervention program with extra emphasis on balance, muscle strength, and walking(More)