Norihiko Shimada

Learn More
In a global model of brain ischemia, accumulation of amino acids was studied in the extracellular space of the auditory cortex and the internal capsule using microdialysis, and in CSF of halothane anesthetized cats. In both brain regions, blood flow determined by hydrogen clearance decreased below 10 ml/100 g/min after extracranial multiple-vessel(More)
Extracellular glutamate (Glu), cerebral blood flow (CBF), and auditory-evoked potentials (AEPs) were measured concurrently using microdialysis and hydrogen clearance in the auditory cortex of anesthetized cats during global ischemia of various severities. A threshold-type relationship was observed between extracellular Glu and CBF: Glu increased at CBF(More)
It is well established that excitatory amino acid neurotransmitters are extensively liberated during ischemia and that they have neurotoxic properties contributing to neuronal injury. To study changes in the liberation of excitatory and other amino acids during cerebral ischemia, we measured their extracellular concentrations and related them to blood flow(More)
Ischemic glutamate excitotoxicity may be counteracted by adenosine which appears extracellularly during ischemia as an intermediate purine catabolite and has the potential to modulate glutamate release and its receptor action. The present study was conducted to evaluate the flow threshold for purine catabolite accumulation in relation to that for glutamate(More)
Heparin is used as an anticoagulant drug. The anticoagulation process is mainly caused by the interaction of heparin with antithrombin followed by inhibition of anticoagulant factor IIa and factor Xa. The anti-factor IIa and anti-factor Xa activities of heparin are critical for its anticoagulant effect; however, physicochemical methods that can reflect(More)
  • 1