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Species identification is a basic issue in biosecurity. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) followed by restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) is a useful molecular diagnostic tool for species identification. However, the lack of transferability of data has been a serious shortcoming of this method. A RFLP catalog, i.e., a graph of PCR-RFLP patterns(More)
We isolated and characterized seven microsatellite markers in Tetranychus kanzawai (Acari: Tetranychidae). We also examined the conformity of the isolated markers to Mendelian laws and analyzed linkage among the microsatellite loci. All microsatellite markers fit expected 1:1 disomic segregation ratio and hence were inherited in a Mendelian manner.(More)
The complete genome of pepper vein yellows virus (PeVYV) was sequenced using random amplification of RNA samples isolated from vector insects (Aphis gossypii) that had been given access to PeVYV-infected plants. The PeVYV genome consisted of 6244 nucleotides and had a genomic organization characteristic of members of the genus Polerovirus. PeVYV had highest(More)
We investigated spatio-temporal genetic variation in allele frequency and estimated gene flow among sympatric populations of Tetranychus kanzawai on different host plants by the use of microsatellite markers. In the analysis of spatial genetic variation, no isolation by distance was detected among the populations. Gene flow between populations on Hydrangea(More)
Two types are known in the Kanzawa spider mite, Tetranychus kanzawai (K and T; see Gotoh et al., 1999), which differ in host range and have a unidirectional incompatibility. Prior to DNA analyzes, crossing between females of a known K type and males of each of 17 strains collected in Japan showed that six of the strains were of the K type, live were the T(More)
Spider mites are difficult to identify because they are very small and have a limited number of diagnostic characters. Most species of the spider mite genus Tetranychus in Japan are morphologically similar, differing only in the diameter of the aedeagal knob in males. Because this genus contains many important pests, the unambiguous identification of(More)
The spider mite sub-family Tetranychinae includes many agricultural pests. The internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region of nuclear ribosomal RNA genes and the cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COI) gene of mitochondrial DNA have been used for species identification and phylogenetic reconstruction within the sub-family Tetranychinae, although they have not(More)
The predatory mite Neoseiulus womersleyi (Schicha) (Acari: Phytoseiidae) is an important natural enemy of the Kanzawa spider mite, Tetranychus kanzawaki Kishida (Acari: Tetranychidae), in tea fields. Attraction and preservation of natural enemies by habitat management to reduce the need for acaricide sprays is thought to enhance the activity of N.(More)
We attempted a population survey of spider mites and phytoseiid mites in Japanese peach orchards with different pesticide practices; however, we had difficulty discriminating phytoseiid mites. To estimate phytoseiid mite species composition, ribosomal gene fragments were amplified from genomic DNA of five phytoseiid mite species using PCR. Cloning and(More)
We have developed and characterized 21 microsatellite markers in the aphidophagous gall midge Aphidoletes aphidimyza (Rondani) (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae). All 21 loci tested were polymorphic: the number of alleles ranged from 2 to 17. Allelic richness and observed heterozygosities were higher in females than in males. Several loci had no heterozygosity in(More)