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We studied the effect of NAN-190 (5-HT(1A) antagonist), ketanserin (5-HT(2) antagonist) and ICS 205-930 (5-HT(3) antagonist) on tooth pulp stimulation (TPS)-induced 5-HT release and substance P (SP) release in the superficial layers of the trigeminal nucleus caudalis (SpVc-I,II) in the presence or absence of electro-acupuncture (EAP). TPS slightly increased(More)
Two mu and two delta opiopeptides were administered intracisternally and morphine was administered systemically to rats. The level of dopamine (DA) and its catabolites, homovanillic acid, dihydroxyphenylacetic acid and 3-methoxytramine were measured by high-pressure liquid chromatography with electrical detector in rat striatum to determine: 1) whether(More)
To elucidate the involvement of nitric oxide in spinal nociceptive processing, the correlation of thermal withdrawal latency with nitric oxide synthase-stained neurons in the rat lumbar dorsal horn was analyzed after adjuvant-induced inflammation. From 4 hr through 5 days after subcutaneous injection of complete Freund's adjuvant into the hind paw, a marked(More)
Mercury-contaminated effluent was discharged into Minamata Bay from a chemical plant over a 20-year period until 1965 (from 1958 to 1959, effluent was discharged into Minamata River), causing Minamata disease. In an effort to characterize the extent of the contamination in the Yatsushiro Sea, the vertical and horizontal distributions of mercury in sediment(More)
To investigate mechanisms in pathological pain conditions as the hyperalgesia and allodynia observed after dental surgery, we employed a rat dental-injury model involving the simultaneous pulpectomy to a lower incisor and extraction of an ipsilateral upper incisor. We found that hypersensitivity to tactile stimulation developed on both ipsilateral and(More)
Glutamate (Glu) is the major excitatory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system. The role of peripheral Glu and Glu receptors (GluRs) in nociceptive transmission is, however, still unclear. In the present study, we examined Glu levels released in the subcutaneous perfusate of the rat hind instep using a microdialysis catheter and the thermal(More)
In a rat phrenic nerve-hemidiaphragm preparation, calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) increased the twitch contraction induced by nerve or transmural stimulation dose dependently. Either electrical or high K+ stimulation of the phrenic nerve caused release of a CGRP-like immunoreactive substance (CGRP-LIS) in a Ca2(+)-dependent manner. Electrical(More)
Atropine (5 nM to 5 muM), but not D-tubocurarine or hexamethonium, enhanced the release of acetylcholine (ACh) from rat brain cortical slices exposed to high K+. The enhancement was dose-dependent, and it could be partially antagonized by oxotremorine (50-500 muM) or by dibutyryl or 8-bromo-cyclic GMP (1 mM), but not by tetrodotoxin (200 nM) or by dibutyryl(More)