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Mercury-contaminated effluent was discharged into Minamata Bay from a chemical plant over a 20-year period until 1965 (from 1958 to 1959, effluent was discharged into Minamata River), causing Minamata disease. In an effort to characterize the extent of the contamination in the Yatsushiro Sea, the vertical and horizontal distributions of mercury in sediment(More)
Two mu and two delta opiopeptides were administered intracisternally and morphine was administered systemically to rats. The level of dopamine (DA) and its catabolites, homovanillic acid, dihydroxyphenylacetic acid and 3-methoxytramine were measured by high-pressure liquid chromatography with electrical detector in rat striatum to determine: 1) whether(More)
To elucidate the involvement of nitric oxide in spinal nociceptive processing, the correlation of thermal withdrawal latency with nitric oxide synthase-stained neurons in the rat lumbar dorsal horn was analyzed after adjuvant-induced inflammation. From 4 hr through 5 days after subcutaneous injection of complete Freund's adjuvant into the hind paw, a marked(More)
To investigate mechanisms in pathological pain conditions as the hyperalgesia and allodynia observed after dental surgery, we employed a rat dental-injury model involving the simultaneous pulpectomy to a lower incisor and extraction of an ipsilateral upper incisor. We found that hypersensitivity to tactile stimulation developed on both ipsilateral and(More)
We studied the effect of NAN-190 (5-HT(1A) antagonist), ketanserin (5-HT(2) antagonist) and ICS 205-930 (5-HT(3) antagonist) on tooth pulp stimulation (TPS)-induced 5-HT release and substance P (SP) release in the superficial layers of the trigeminal nucleus caudalis (SpVc-I,II) in the presence or absence of electro-acupuncture (EAP). TPS slightly increased(More)
Glutamate (Glu) is the major excitatory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system. The role of peripheral Glu and Glu receptors (GluRs) in nociceptive transmission is, however, still unclear. In the present study, we examined Glu levels released in the subcutaneous perfusate of the rat hind instep using a microdialysis catheter and the thermal(More)
Allodynia or hyperalgesia induced by peripheral nerve injury may be involved in changes in the sensitivity of neurotransmitters at the spinal cord level. In order to clarify the functional role of neurotransmitters in peripheral nerve injury, we used rats with nerve injury induced by chronic constriction of the sciatic nerve (CCI rat model) and estimated(More)
In scorbutic guinea pigs fed an ascorbic acid-deficient diet for 18 days, the ascorbic acid contents of the liver and plasma were less than 4% those of the control animals, while the content in the brain was about one-third that of the controls. In normal animals, the concentration of ascrobic acid was highest (7.55 +/- 1.46 micrograms of ascorbic acid/mg(More)
Recent advances in the study of pain have revealed somatotopic- and modality-dependent processing and the integration of nociceptive signals in the brain and spinal cord. This review summarizes the uniqueness of the trigeminal sensory nucleus (TSN) in structure and function as it relates to orofacial pain control. The oral nociceptive signal is primarily(More)
The influence of the serotonin (5-HT) system on the release of immunoreactive substance P after electrical stimulation of the lower incisor pulp was examined by perfusion of the superficial layers of the subnucleus caudalis of the brain stem trigeminal sensory nuclear complex of rabbits in situ. Increased release of immunoreactive substance P was observed(More)