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Two mu and two delta opiopeptides were administered intracisternally and morphine was administered systemically to rats. The level of dopamine (DA) and its catabolites, homovanillic acid, dihydroxyphenylacetic acid and 3-methoxytramine were measured by high-pressure liquid chromatography with electrical detector in rat striatum to determine: 1) whether(More)
To elucidate the involvement of nitric oxide in spinal nociceptive processing, the correlation of thermal withdrawal latency with nitric oxide synthase-stained neurons in the rat lumbar dorsal horn was analyzed after adjuvant-induced inflammation. From 4 hr through 5 days after subcutaneous injection of complete Freund's adjuvant into the hind paw, a marked(More)
To investigate mechanisms in pathological pain conditions as the hyperalgesia and allodynia observed after dental surgery, we employed a rat dental-injury model involving the simultaneous pulpectomy to a lower incisor and extraction of an ipsilateral upper incisor. We found that hypersensitivity to tactile stimulation developed on both ipsilateral and(More)
We studied the effect of NAN-190 (5-HT(1A) antagonist), ketanserin (5-HT(2) antagonist) and ICS 205-930 (5-HT(3) antagonist) on tooth pulp stimulation (TPS)-induced 5-HT release and substance P (SP) release in the superficial layers of the trigeminal nucleus caudalis (SpVc-I,II) in the presence or absence of electro-acupuncture (EAP). TPS slightly increased(More)
Allodynia or hyperalgesia induced by peripheral nerve injury may be involved in changes in the sensitivity of neurotransmitters at the spinal cord level. In order to clarify the functional role of neurotransmitters in peripheral nerve injury, we used rats with nerve injury induced by chronic constriction of the sciatic nerve (CCI rat model) and estimated(More)
Glutamate (Glu) is the major excitatory neurotransmitter in the central nervous system. The role of peripheral Glu and Glu receptors (GluRs) in nociceptive transmission is, however, still unclear. In the present study, we examined Glu levels released in the subcutaneous perfusate of the rat hind instep using a microdialysis catheter and the thermal(More)
Behavioral evidence supports a role for peripheral glutamate receptors in normal nociceptive transmission. In this study, we examined the release of the excitatory amino acids, glutamate and aspartate, in the s.c. perfusate of the rat hind instep by in vivo microdialysis. Antidromic stimulation of the sciatic nerve and noxious stimuli in the form of heat(More)
We investigated the effect of topical application of capsaicin cream on withdrawal latency in the hind foot of rat in response to radiant heat in an experimental model of neuropathic pain. A neuropathic state was induced by loose ligation of the sciatic nerve with chromic gut suture. A marked thermal hyperalgesia was observed in response to heat stimulus(More)
We examined the effects of intravenous injection of several serotonin (5-HT) antagonists on the inhibitory action of electro-acupuncture (EAP) against the nociceptive responses in the trigeminal nucleus caudalis in rabbits. The inhibitory effect of EAP was suppressed by pindolol, methysergide and ICS 205-930, whereas NAN-190 and ketanserin amplified the EAP(More)
In a rat phrenic nerve-hemidiaphragm preparation, calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) increased the twitch contraction induced by nerve or transmural stimulation dose dependently. Either electrical or high K+ stimulation of the phrenic nerve caused release of a CGRP-like immunoreactive substance (CGRP-LIS) in a Ca2(+)-dependent manner. Electrical(More)