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OBJECTIVE This study aimed to develop a population pharmacokinetic model for high-dose methotrexate (MTX), specifically focusing on the drug urinary excretion process. METHODS AND RESULTS Three hundred and forty-eight serum samples and 416 urine samples from 51 Japanese adult patients with malignancies were concurrently fitted into a multi-compartment(More)
To determine the immunologic characteristics of T-cells in local pulmonary lesions of human T-cell lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I) carriers, we investigated lymphocyte surface markers in peripheral blood and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of 38 HTLV-I carriers, 8 HTLV-I associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) patients, 44 HTLV-I(More)
The optically active form of tritium-labeled A-factor (2-isocapryloyl-3R-hydroxymethyl-gamma-butyrolactone), a pleiotropic autoregulator responsible for streptomycin production, streptomycin resistance, and sporulation in Streptomyces griseus, was chemically synthesized. By using the radioactive A-factor, a binding protein for A-factor was detected in the(More)
We examined the effectiveness of an improved version of a three-layer agarose microcapsule in islet xenotransplantation. The microcapsule is composed of a mixture of 5% agarose and 5% polystyrene sulfonic acid. The other two outer layers are polybrene and carboxymethyl cellulose. The agarose/polystyrene sulfonic acid membrane is for the purpose of(More)
We describe the receptor binding and antagonistic properties of two novel nonpeptide antagonists, FR167344 (3-bromo-8-[2,6-dichloro-3-[N-[(E)-4-(N,N-dimethylcarbamoyl)cinnamido acetyl]-N-methylamino]benzyloxy]-2-methylimidazo[1,2-a]pyridine hydrochloride) and FR173657 (8-[3-[N-[(E)-3-(6-acetamidopyridin-3-yl)acryloylglycyl]-N-m(More)
Kinins, members of a family of peptides released from kininogens by the action of kallikreins, have been implicated in a variety of biological activities including vasodilation, increased vascular permeability, contraction of smooth muscle cells and activation of sensory neurons. However, investigation of the physiological actions of kinins have been(More)
Voriconazole metabolism is mostly mediated via the cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C19 isozyme. The non-wild (mutant) type of CYP2C19 is generally found in 60-70% of Asian populations. Because the voriconazole trough plasma concentration has been reported to correlate with hepatotoxicity, this study investigated the effect of CYP2C19 polymorphism on the relationship(More)
The major adverse event associated with linezolid treatment is reversible myelosuppression, mostly thrombocytopenia. Recent studies have reported that the incidence of linezolid-induced thrombocytopenia was higher in patients with renal failure than in patients with normal renal function, although the underlying mechanisms of this toxicity are still(More)
The present paper investigates the pharmacokinetics of etoposide (VP-16) and carboplatin (CBDCA) in plasma and the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), in the space left by tumor removal, of patients with glioma. Eight Japanese patients with glioma received a course of hyperosmotic disruption of the blood-brain barrier (HODBBB) and intraarterial combination(More)