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Long-term incubation of proteins with glucose leads to the formation of advanced glycation end products (AGE). Physiological aspects of the catabolism of non-enzymically glycated proteins were studied in vivo and in vitro. AGE-modified BSA (AGE-BSA) was a mixture of high-Mr (cross-linked), monomeric and low-Mr (fragmented) AGE-BSA. After intravenous(More)
CD44 is a widely distributed cell surface adhesion molecule and is implicated in diverse biological processes. However, the nature of intracellular signaling triggered by CD44 remains to be elucidated. Here, we show that CD44 undergoes sequential proteolytic cleavage in the ectodomain and intracellular domain, resulting in the release of a CD44(More)
Cadherins are major cell-cell adhesion molecules in both tumor and normal tissues. Although serum levels of soluble E-cadherin have been shown to be higher in the cancer patients than in healthy volunteers, the detail mechanism regulating release of soluble E-cadherin remains to be elucidated. Here we show that the ectodomain of E-cadherin is(More)
Reaction of protein amino groups with glucose (the Maillard reaction) leads from early stage products such as Schiff base and Amadori products to advanced glycation end products (AGE), structures implicated in diabetic complications and the aging process. We have prepared the polyclonal anti-AGE antibody and the monoclonal anti-AGE antibody against(More)
NE-dlg/SAP102, a neuronal and endocrine tissue-specific membrane-associated guanylate kinase family protein, is known to bind to C-terminal ends of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor 2B (NR2B) through its PDZ (PSD-95/Dlg/ZO-1) domains. NE-dlg/SAP102 and NR2B colocalize at synaptic sites in cultured rat hippocampal neurons, and their expressions increase in(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the daily setup accuracy and the reduction of respiratory tumor movement using a body frame in conformal therapy for solitary lung tumor. METHODS AND MATERIALS Eighteen patients with a solitary lung tumor underwent conformal therapy using a body frame. The body shell of the frame was shaped to the patient's body contour. The(More)
Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) tumor suppressor gene product, neurofibromin, functions in part as a Ras-GAP, a negative regulator of Ras. Neurofibromin is implicated in the neuronal abnormality of NF1 patients; however, the precise cellular function of neurofibromin has yet to be clarified. Using proteomic strategies, we identified a set of(More)
We reviewed the results of 51 patients with benign bone tumours treated by curettage and implantation of calcium hydroxyapatite ceramic (CHA). The mean follow-up was 11.4 years (10 to 15.5). Post-operative fractures occurred in two patients and three had local recurrences; three had slightly limited movement of the adjacent joint and one had mild(More)
The distribution of lysosomes in rat hepatocytes was examined by three-dimensional electron microscopy combined with acid phosphatase (ACPase) cytochemistry. In the 2-microns-thick sections observed under 200- or 1000-kV TEM, it was apparent that ACPase activity localized on elongate lysosomes (we refer to them as nematolysosomes) with a diameter of 70-100(More)
Detergent-extraction of soluble cytoplasmic proteins under low osmotic pressure induces severe morphological damage, particularly on membranous organelles, although this processing is often required to observe cytoskeletal elements in the cells. In the present study, the osmotic adjustment of the rinsing solution and fixative, which were used after the(More)