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BACKGROUND The role of adult weight change in breast cancer (BC) risk is unclear in Japanese women. METHODS A total of 10,106 postmenopausal women aged 40-64 years (the Miyagi Cohort) were followed from 1990 to 2003, and 108 BC cases were identified. Hazard ratios (HRs) were estimated according to body mass index (BMI) at the current age and at the of age(More)
Estrogen plays an important role in the development of estrogen-dependent breast carcinoma. Recently, several studies demonstrated a possible involvement of several micro RNAs (miRNAs) in the development of resistance to endocrine therapy in breast cancer patients, but the correlation between estrogen actions and miRNA expression in breast carcinoma still(More)
Steroid and xenobiotic receptor (SXR) or human pregnane X receptor (hPXR) has been shown to play an important role in the regulation of genes related to xenobiotic detoxification, such as cytochrome P450 3A4 and multidrug resistance gene 1. Cytochrome P450 enzymes, conjugation enzymes, and transporters are all considered to be involved in the resistance of(More)
It is well known that sex steroids are involved in the growth of breast cancers, and the great majority of breast carcinomas express estrogen (ER), progesterone (PR), and androgen (AR) receptors. In particular, recent studies have demonstrated that estrogens and androgens are locally produced in breast carcinoma tissues, and total blockade of in situ(More)
Body mass index (BMI) may be an important factor affecting breast cancer outcome. Studies conducted mainly in Western countries have reported a relationship between higher BMI and a higher risk of all-cause death or breast cancer-specific death among women with breast cancer, but only a few studies have been reported in Japan so far. In the present(More)
The status of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) has been recently proposed to predict clinical outcome of patients with breast cancer. We therefore studied the prognostic significance of CD8+ TILs and FOXP3+ TILs in residual tumors after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) and the alterations in these parameters before and after NAC in patients with(More)
BACKGROUND CD133 was recently reported to be a cancer stem cell marker and a prognostic marker for several tumors. However, few studies have investigated CD133 expression in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). Therefore, we examined whether CD133 could serve as a prognostic marker of ESCC and investigated the correlation between CD133 expression and(More)
An association of cigarette smoking with breast cancer risk has been hypothesized. However, results from previous studies have been inconsistent. This case-control study investigated the association of cigarette smoking with breast cancer risk in terms of estrogen-receptor/progesterone-receptor (ER/PgR) status. From among female patients aged 30 years and(More)
The associations between anthropometric factors, physical activity (PA), and breast cancer risk in terms of estrogen-receptor/progesterone-receptor (ER/PgR) status have been unclear in Japanese women. This case–control study was designed to evaluate these associations. From among female patients aged 30 years and over admitted to a single hospital in Japan(More)
The results of previous studies investigating whether there is an association between active smoking and risk of death among breast cancer patients have been inconsistent. We investigated the association between active and passive smoking and risk of all-cause and breast cancer-specific death among female breast cancer patients in relation to menopausal and(More)