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BACKGROUND The role of adult weight change in breast cancer (BC) risk is unclear in Japanese women. METHODS A total of 10,106 postmenopausal women aged 40-64 years (the Miyagi Cohort) were followed from 1990 to 2003, and 108 BC cases were identified. Hazard ratios (HRs) were estimated according to body mass index (BMI) at the current age and at the of age(More)
Steroid and xenobiotic receptor (SXR) or human pregnane X receptor (hPXR) has been shown to play an important role in the regulation of genes related to xenobiotic detoxification, such as cytochrome P450 3A4 and multidrug resistance gene 1. Cytochrome P450 enzymes, conjugation enzymes, and transporters are all considered to be involved in the resistance of(More)
It is well known that sex steroids are involved in the growth of breast cancers, and the great majority of breast carcinomas express estrogen (ER), progesterone (PR), and androgen (AR) receptors. In particular, recent studies have demonstrated that estrogens and androgens are locally produced in breast carcinoma tissues, and total blockade of in situ(More)
Estrogen plays an important role in the development of estrogen-dependent breast carcinoma. Recently, several studies demonstrated a possible involvement of several micro RNAs (miRNAs) in the development of resistance to endocrine therapy in breast cancer patients, but the correlation between estrogen actions and miRNA expression in breast carcinoma still(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) plays a critical role in angiogenesis and has been applied to medical therapy. However, because vascular imaging at the molecular level is impossible, the detailed in vivo dynamics of VEGF and its receptor (VEGFR) remain unknown. In this study, to understand the molecular distribution of VEGF and the VEGFR, we(More)
Using c-Ha-, c-Ki-, and c-N-ras-specific probes in a RNA-RNA hybridization assay we found enhanced expression of c-Ha-ras protooncogene in stomach adenocarcinomas relative to nonneoplastic epithelium, whereas little or no transcription of either c-Ki- or c-N-ras was detected. Enhanced levels of c-Ha-ras RNA expression were detected in all of the(More)
Aromatase is a key enzyme in intratumoral estrogen production required for the production of estrogens through the conversion of serum androgens in postmenopausal breast cancer patients. There have been, however, controversies regarding the intratumoral localization of aromatase in human breast carcinoma tissues. Therefore, we have first examined the(More)
Multilayered, core/shell nanoprobes (MQQ-probe) based on magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) and quantum dots (QDs) have been successfully developed for multimodality tumor imaging. This MQQ-probe contains Fe(3)O(4) MNPs, visible-fluorescent QDs (600 nm emission) and near infrared-fluorescent QDs (780 nm emission) in multiple silica layers. The fabrication of the(More)
Body mass index (BMI) may be an important factor affecting breast cancer outcome. Studies conducted mainly in Western countries have reported a relationship between higher BMI and a higher risk of all-cause death or breast cancer-specific death among women with breast cancer, but only a few studies have been reported in Japan so far. In the present(More)
OBJECTIVE One problem existing in breast-conservation surgery is ipsilateral breast tumour recurrence, and one of its major risk factors is surgical margin positivity. We therefore investigated whether total-circumference surgical margin examination can reduce surgical margin-positive rates. METHODS A total of 122 cases were examined after BCS was(More)