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We retrospectively reviewed 31 hips with massive bone defect because of aseptic loosening of the acetabulum treated with impacted bone allografts with the Kerboull-type acetabular device. Mean age at surgery was 67.9 years, and mean duration of follow-up was 6.3 years. Thickness of the bone graft was evaluated by postoperative radiography. Seven hips showed(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Although the definite cause of steroid-induced osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) is unknown, peripheral circulatory failure, lipid metabolism disturbance, and increased oxidative stress are considered to be possible causes. We investigated whether pravastatin as a statin treatment reduces (1) the incidence of ONFH, (2) the(More)
BACKGROUND High-dose administration of a steroid hormone has been associated with a major risk of osteonecrosis. In this study we investigated the effects of a steroid hormone on the incidence of osteonecrosis of the femoral head in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats/Nagasaki (SHRSP/Ngsks). METHODS A total of 71 SHRSP/Ngsks were divided into two(More)
BACKGROUND Pentosan polysulfate sodium (pentosan) is a semi-synthetic drug manufactured from beech-wood hemicellulose by sulfate esterification of the xylopyranose hydroxyl groups. From in vitro and animal model studies, pentosan has been proposed as a disease modifying osteoarthritis drug (DMOAD). The objective of this study was to assess the efficacy,(More)
The average life span of stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSP) is about eight months. Male SHRSPs at 40 weeks old were used to study the idiopathic osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ION). The control group showed about 40% old necrosis and 20% early necrosis. The group administered with steroid hormone showed an increasing degeneration of(More)
Increased oxidative stress is considered one of the main causes of steroid-induced osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of a steroid hormone and pentosan polysulfate sodium (pentosan), a heparin analog, in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSP) as a model of ONFH. One hundred twenty-three(More)
PURPOSE Arachidonic acid is avidly metabolized to a potent vasoconstrictor, 20-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (20-HETE), in the cerebral circulation. 20-HETE has been reported to contribute to the acute fall in cerebral blood flow following subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), but its role in the development of delayed vasospasm is unknown. The present study(More)
Our previous study has shown that plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1) gene expression and secretion from bone marrow adipocytes increased markedly with dexamethasone administration. The purpose of the present study was to measure the secretion of various adipokines from human bone marrow and blood, and investigate how adipokine secretion changes in a(More)
In 1986, a 26-year-old female had been diagnosed as having Graves' disease and had been treated with methimazole for four months. After the treatment with propylthiouracil for another four months, she had been treated with methimazole once again. She was in complete remission for two years. She again experienced symptoms of hyperthyroidism, and treatment(More)
A 56-year-old female with Graves' disease who presented with decreased secretion of gonadotropins is described. She was admitted to hospital because of her being in a state of confusion. One month before admission she had been diagnosed as having Graves' disease and was treated with methimazole since then. Plasma LH and FSH levels were undetectable, and(More)
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