Noriaki Ikeda

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BACKGROUND Betel quid chewing is a common habit widely practiced in Southern Asian populations. However, variations are seen in the content of a betel quid across the different countries. Factors associated with commencement and cessation of this habit has been numerously studied. Unfortunately, data on Malaysian population is non-existent. This study aims(More)
BACKGROUND Tobacco consumption peak in developed countries has passed, however, it is on the increase in many developing countries. Apart from cigarettes, consumption of local hand-rolled cigarettes such as bidi and rokok daun are prevalent in specific communities. Although factors associated with smoking initiation and cessation has been investigated(More)
The number of criminal cases requiring facial image identification of a suspect has been increasing because a surveillance camera is installed everywhere in the city and furthermore, the intercom with the recording function is installed in the home. In this study, we aimed to analyze the usefulness of a 2D/3D facial image superimposition system for image(More)
The number of criminal cases requiring facial image identification of a suspect has been increasing because a surveillance camera is installed everywhere in the city and furthermore, the intercom with the recording function is installed in the home. In this study, we aimed to analyze the usefulness of a 2D/3D facial image superimposition system for image(More)
Determining the time of brain death is one of the critical issues in forensic examinations. Few authors have attempted to determine the time of brain death using pharmacokinetic approaches. We investigated cerebral concentrations of mannitol of which a single dose (1 g/kg) was administered in the course of brain death. The inflation of an epidural balloon(More)
We examined ethanol distribution in the brain of a 62-year-old male, who had died of acute subdural hemorrhage 4 days after injury. His blood ethanol concentration was 2.70 mg/g on admission. Blood pressure suddenly decreased and spontaneous respiration ceased 7 h after admission. He was artificially ventilated and died 4 days later. Ethanol was detected in(More)
We examined the distribution of drugs in a 49-year-old brain-dead man. Our objective was to determine the possibility of diagnosing how and at what point the patient became brain dead. The presence of mepivacaine, pentazocine, lidocaine and thiamylal in various tissues, including seven regions of the brain were confirmed, using gas chromatography/mass(More)
The reinforcing effect of nicotine was investigated using the intravenous self-administration method in rats. After forced iv injection of nicotine (3, 10 and 30 micrograms/kg/inj) at 1-hr intervals for 3 days in 3 dose-level groups, self-administration sessions under the continuous reinforcement schedule were carried out for 15 days. Rats initiated(More)
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