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PURPOSE Sestamibi scans have increased the use of minimally invasive parathyroidectomy (MIP) to treat primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) when caused by a parathyroid single adenoma. The greatest concern for surgeons remains the proper identification of pathological glands in a limited surgical field. We have studied the usefulness of a new hand-held(More)
To assess the contribution of hyperammonemia and inflammation to induction of mild cognitive impairment (or MHE). We analyzed the presence of mild cognitive impairment (CI) by using the PHES battery of psychometric tests and measured the levels of ammonia and of the inflammatory cytokines IL-6 and IL-18 in blood of patients with different types of liver or(More)
Reactive oxygen species are considered mediators of the inflammatory response and tissue damage in acute pancreatitis. We previously found that the combined treatment with oxypurinol - as inhibitor of xanthine oxidase- and pentoxifylline - as inhibitor of TNF-α production-restrained local and systemic inflammatory response and decreased mortality in(More)
Severe acute pancreatitis causes a high incidence of mortality due to the systemic inflammatory response syndrome leading to multiple organ failure. At present, there is no treatment against severe acute pancreatitis, other than supportive critical care. The relationship between pancreatic injury and the uncontrolled systemic response is not completely(More)
BACKGROUND Bile duct injury (BDI) is a severe complication of laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) that is probably related to the effects of the learning curve. The aim of this prospective, institutional, and longitudinal study is to compare the incidence of BDI during LC in relation to the progressive experience of surgeons. METHODS A total of 784 LC were(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the effects of inhibiting both tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha production and xanthine oxidase activity on the inflammatory response, mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) activation and mortality in necrotizing acute pancreatitis in rats. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA Pancreatic injury triggers 2 major pathways involved in the systemic(More)
BACKGROUND Minimally invasive parathyroidectomy (MIP) is being widely accepted as the procedure of choice for the treatment of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT), which is caused by a parathyroid single adenoma in more than 80% of cases in some series. Preoperative location studies, like sestamibi scans, allow the proper identification of pathologic gland(More)
BACKGROUND Because of frequent postoperative alterations in voice, many surgeons include laryngoscopy as a routine examination before/after thyroid surgery. The aim of this work was to determine whether more comfortable and easier subjective or objective postoperative voice assessments could complement or replace laryngoscopy. METHODS Sixty-four(More)
BACKGROUND An increase in body mass index has been found to be associated with an increase in the prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) symptoms, esophageal mucosal injury, and GERD complications. Few systematic studies with objective tests have evaluated esophageal disorders in the morbidly obese population. OBJECTIVES To define more(More)
BACKGROUND Morbid obesity is associated with debilitating psychosocial consequences, such as depression, anxiety, and low self-esteem. One of the main goals of bariatric surgery should not only be reducing weight and counteracting co-morbid conditions, but also improving postoperative psychosocial functioning. The objective of our study was to determine the(More)