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BACKGROUND Aspirin inhibits platelet activation and reduces atherothrombotic complications in patients at risk of myocardial infarction and stroke. However, a sufficient inhibition of platelet function by aspirin is not always achieved. The causes of this aspirin resistance are unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS Patients undergoing coronary artery bypass(More)
Type 1 phosphatase activity was increased in membrane vesicles from failing human ventricles compared with non-failing controls. Likewise, expression of the mRNA encoding for type 1 phosphatase was enhanced by 37%. The present study provides evidence that alterations of phosphatase activity coincide with end-stage heart failure. Thus, enhanced activity of(More)
beta-Adrenoceptor stimulation acts in the heart in part by increasing the phosphorylation state of phospholamban and phospholemman. There is evidence that the beta-adrenoceptor-mediated increase in phospholamban phosphorylation is in part due to inhibition of type 1 phosphatases. The aim of the present study was to elucidate which phosphatases(More)
There are conflicting reports about the expression of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 in human platelets. The present study describes a flow cytometric method for the measurement of platelet COX. Both COX-1 and COX-2 were shown to be expressed in platelets from patients undergoing a coronary artery bypass graft. There was a significant increase in COX-2 expression(More)
OBJECTIVE 'Off-pump' coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB) is an alternative to conventional coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) using cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). While midterm results after OPCAB have become available, systematic studies of changes in platelet function after OPCAB are still missing. Since we have previously shown that oral aspirin(More)
In spontaneously beating guinea pig right atria, levosimendan (LS, or R-[[-(1,4,5,6-tetrahydro-4-methyl-6-oxo-3-pyridazinyl)- phenyl]-hydrazono]propanedinitrile) exerted a positive chronotropic effect starting at 0.1 microM. In electrically driven guinea pig left atria, LS (0.1-10 microM) increased force of contraction without changing time parameters of(More)
Aspirin reduces major atherothrombotic events across a wide spectrum of patients with atherosclerotic disease. The occurrence of ischemic events despite of aspirin treatment is a failure of therapy, often denoted 'clinical aspirin resistance'. This is distinguished from laboratory assays showing an insufficient inhibition of platelet function, which(More)
The success of coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) depends mainly on the patency of the graft vessels. Aortocoronary vein graft disease is comprised of three distinct but interrelated pathological processes: thrombosis, intimal hyperplasia and atherosclerosis. Early thrombosis is a major cause of vein graft attrition during the first month after(More)