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BACKGROUND Multiple sclerosis (MS), an inflammatory disease of the central nervous system, manifests itself in numerous forms and stages. A number of brain metabolic alterations have been reported for MS patients vs. control subjects. However, metabolite profiles of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) are not consistent among the published MS studies, most probably(More)
BACKGROUND Rett syndrome (RS) is the leading cause of profound mental retardation of genetic origin in girls. Since RS is mostly caused by mutations in the MECP2 gene, transgenic animal models such as the Mecp2-deleted ("Mecp2-null") mouse have been employed to study neurological symptoms and brain function. However, an interdisciplinary approach drawing(More)
The hypothesis that brain mitochondria are directly affected in several phenotypes associated with disordered oxidative phosphorylation was tested using phosphorus 31 (31P) magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Abnormal phosphorylation potentials in skeletal muscle have been demonstrated by 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy in patients with mitochondrial(More)
High resolution magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is a non-destructive analytical method which allows rapid and simultaneous detection of molecules involved in intermediary and oxidative metabolic pathways. We developed a protocol suitable for routine MRS analysis of lyophilized CSF samples. This procedure guarantees sample(More)
Acid production and transport are currently being studied to identify new targets for efficient cancer treatment, as subpopulations of tumor cells frequently escape conventional therapy owing to their particularly acidic tumor microenvironment. Heterogeneity in intracellular and extracellular tumor pH (pHi, pHe) has been reported, but none of the methods(More)
The ability of lipid-soluble nitroxides to suppress selectively the peaks of lipid resonances in 31P, 1H, and 13C NMR spectra was investigated in serum as part of studies aimed at using these contrast agents for magnetic resonance imaging and magnetic resonance spectroscopy in vivo. Nitroxides are especially interesting potential contrast agents because(More)
This report describes a noninvasive 1H-NMR method for measuring absolute temperatures (+/- 0.2 degrees C) in biological samples and, in particular, in cell culture perfusion systems, utilizing the linear temperature dependence of the water chemical shift relative to the temperature-independent shift of one of the components of the biological medium, e.g.,(More)
This work demonstrates that individual purine and pyrimidine NDP and NTP can be assigned in high resolution 31P NMR spectra from tissue extracts. To the best of our knowledge, it is shown for the first time that ATP, GTP, UTP, CTP, and the corresponding diphosphates can be quantitated in cell extracts without using HPLC or other biochemical methods. This(More)
Phospholipids have long been known to be the principal constituents of the bilayer matrix of cell membranes. While the main function of cell membranes is to provide physical separation between intracellular and extracellular compartments, further biological and biochemical functions for phospholipids have been identified more recently, notably in cell(More)
Many diseases, including brain disorders, are associated with perturbations of tissue metabolism. However, an often overlooked issue is the impact that inflammations outside the brain may have on brain metabolism. Our main goal was to study similarities and differences between brain metabolite profiles of animals suffering from experimental autoimmune(More)