Learn More
BACKGROUND Multiple sclerosis (MS), an inflammatory disease of the central nervous system, manifests itself in numerous forms and stages. A number of brain metabolic alterations have been reported for MS patients vs. control subjects. However, metabolite profiles of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) are not consistent among the published MS studies, most probably(More)
Dexamethasone-treated WEHI7.2 mouse thymoma cells readily undergo apoptosis. WEHI7.2 variants that overexpress catalase (CAT38) or Bcl-2 (Hb12) show a delay or lack of apoptosis, respectively, when treated with dexamethasone. This is accompanied by a delay or lack of cytochrome c release from the mitochondria suggesting that alterations in the signaling(More)
High resolution magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is a non-destructive analytical method which allows rapid and simultaneous detection of molecules involved in intermediary and oxidative metabolic pathways. We developed a protocol suitable for routine MRS analysis of lyophilized CSF samples. This procedure guarantees sample(More)
The effects of apoptosis induction on glucose and phospholipid metabolite levels in cancer were studied using human colon adenocarcinoma cells (HT-29). Apoptosis was induced by co-incubation with 200 U/ml tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha for 4, 8 or 15 h, after sensitization with 500 U/ml interferon (IFN)-gamma for 7 h. Perchloric acid extracts were(More)
High-resolution 31P NMR spectroscopy at 11.7 T was used to examine the influence of medium formulation (medium and serum type, and concentrations of glucose and inositol) on the cellular phosphate metabolism of CX-1 cells, a human colon cancer cell line derived from HT-29 cells. Striking differences in the 31P spectra of harvested CX-1 cells were observed.(More)
Victoria Blue BO (VB BO) is a new and promising photosensitizer currently being evaluated for photodynamic therapy (PDT). Its photochemical processes are mediated by oxygen radicals, but do not involve singlet oxygen. We used (31)P NMR spectroscopy of VB-BO sensitized TF-1 leukemic cells to gain further insight into the biochemical mechanisms underlying(More)
Glucocorticoids induce apoptosis in lymphocytes by causing the release of cytochrome c into the cytosol; however, the events in the signaling phase between translocation of the steroid-receptor complex to the nucleus and the release of cytochrome c have not been elucidated. Previously, we found that, in response to steroid treatment, WEHI7.2 mouse thymic(More)
Treatment of the mouse thymoma-derived WEHI7.2 cell line with dexamethasone, a synthetic glucocorticoid, causes the cells to undergo apoptosis. Previous studies have shown that WEHI7.2 cell variants with an increased antioxidant defense exhibit increased resistance to dexamethasone-induced apoptosis, suggesting that oxidative stress may play a role in(More)
A 31P-NMR method for the determination of 13C enrichment in phosphorylated [1-(13)C]glucose metabolites was developed by taking advantage of the 13C satellites detectable for 31P-NMR signals of metabolites such as UDP-hexoses, UDP-N-acetylhexosamines and other phosphorylated compounds generated during glycolysis and subsequent anabolism. HT-29 cells were(More)
Chronic inflammation is often associated with increased cancer frequency. Continuous exposure to reactive oxygen species, as at the site of chronic inflammation, can result in cells with increased antioxidant defense enzymes. In WEHI7.2 cells, overexpression of catalase or thioredoxin by transfection or selection of a cell population resistant to hydrogen(More)