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BACKGROUND Multiple sclerosis (MS), an inflammatory disease of the central nervous system, manifests itself in numerous forms and stages. A number of brain metabolic alterations have been reported for MS patients vs. control subjects. However, metabolite profiles of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) are not consistent among the published MS studies, most probably(More)
BACKGROUND Rett syndrome (RS) is the leading cause of profound mental retardation of genetic origin in girls. Since RS is mostly caused by mutations in the MECP2 gene, transgenic animal models such as the Mecp2-deleted ("Mecp2-null") mouse have been employed to study neurological symptoms and brain function. However, an interdisciplinary approach drawing(More)
Our objective was to identify and quantify phospholipids in milk from different species (human HM, cow CoM, camel CaM, and mare MM) using an optimised (31)P NMR spectroscopy procedure. The phospholipid fingerprints were species-specific with a broader variety of classes found in HM and MM; HM and CaM were richer in sphingomyelin (78.3 and 117.5μg/ml) and(More)
Recent data suggest that superoxide dismutases are important in preventing lethal oxidative damage of proteins in Escherichia coli cells incubated under aerobic, carbon starvation conditions. Here, we show that the alkylhydroperoxide reductase AhpCF (AHP) is specifically required to protect cells incubated under aerobic, phosphate (Pi) starvation(More)
The ability of lipid-soluble nitroxides to suppress selectively the peaks of lipid resonances in 31P, 1H, and 13C NMR spectra was investigated in serum as part of studies aimed at using these contrast agents for magnetic resonance imaging and magnetic resonance spectroscopy in vivo. Nitroxides are especially interesting potential contrast agents because(More)
The hypothesis that brain mitochondria are directly affected in several phenotypes associated with disordered oxidative phosphorylation was tested using phosphorus 31 (31P) magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Abnormal phosphorylation potentials in skeletal muscle have been demonstrated by 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy in patients with mitochondrial(More)
We present an investigation of tumor pH regulation, designed to support a new anticancer therapy concept that we had previously proposed. Our study uses a tumor model of ras-transformed hamster fibroblasts, CCL39, xenografted in the thighs of nude mice. We demonstrate, for the first time, that genetic modifications of specific mechanisms of proton(More)
The effects of apoptosis induction on glucose and phospholipid metabolite levels in cancer were studied using human colon adenocarcinoma cells (HT-29). Apoptosis was induced by co-incubation with 200 U/ml tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha for 4, 8 or 15 h, after sensitization with 500 U/ml interferon (IFN)-gamma for 7 h. Perchloric acid extracts were(More)
(1)H NMR spectroscopy of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is currently being used to study metabolic profiles characteristic of distinct multiple sclerosis (MS) manifestations. For select MS patient groups, we have previously detected significantly increased concentrations of several identified metabolites and one unidentified compound. We now present, for the(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyse the effect of HIV-1 infection on the glucose metabolism of human intestinal epithelial cells. METHODS HT-29 cells were infected with HIV-1NDK and studied 3 weeks (acutely infected cells) or 9 months (chronically infected cells) post-infection. Perchloric acid extracts were analysed by high-resolution 1H, 31P and 13C nuclear magnetic(More)