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BACKGROUND Acquired somatic deletions and loss-of-function mutations in one or several codons of the TET2 (Ten-Eleven Translocation-2) gene were recently identified in hematopoietic cells from patients with myeloid malignancies, including myeloproliferative disorders and myelodys-plastic syndromes. The present study was designed to determine the prevalence(More)
PURPOSE We analyzed the benefits of a risk-adapted postremission strategy in adult lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), and re-evaluated stem-cell transplantation (SCT) for high-risk ALL. PATIENTS AND METHODS A total of 922 adult patients entered onto the trial according to risk groups: standard-risk ALL (group 1), high-risk ALL (group 2), Philadelphia(More)
Oncogenic pathways underlying in the development of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) remain poorly characterized, but mutations of the ten-eleven translocation 2 (TET2) gene are frequently observed. In the present work, we evaluated the prognostic impact of TET2 mutations in MDS. Frameshift, nonsense, missense mutations, or defects in gene structure were(More)
The myelodysplastic syndromes (MDSs) are a heterogeneous group of clonal haematological diseases characterized by ineffective haematopoiesis and predisposition to acute myeloid leukaemia (AML). The pathophysiology of MDSs remains unclear. A definition of the molecular biology of MDSs may lead to a better classification, new prognosis indicators and new(More)
Gene mutation is an important mechanism of myeloid leukemogenesis. However, the number and combination of gene mutated in myeloid malignancies is still a matter of investigation. We searched for mutations in the ASXL1, CBL, FLT3, IDH1, IDH2, JAK2, KRAS, NPM1, NRAS, RUNX1, TET2 and WT1 genes in 65 myelodysplastic syndromes (MDSs) and 64 acute myeloid(More)
In severe sepsis, guidelines recommend de-escalating the empirical antimicrobial treatment as soon as the microbiological results are available. We aimed to determine the rate of de-escalation of the empirical antimicrobial treatment in neutropenic patients with severe sepsis. The characteristics of antimicrobial treatment associated with de-escalation and(More)
BACKGROUND Acute leukemia (AL) requiring cytotoxic treatment occurring during pregnancy poses a very difficult therapeutic dilemma. METHODS By means of a mail questionnaire, information on a series of 37 patients with a diagnosis of AL during pregnancy was collected from 13 French centers between December, 1988 and November, 2003. RESULTS Thirty-one(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the efficacy and safety of the combination of topotecan and cytarabine in patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDSs) and chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML). PATIENTS AND METHODS Fifty-nine patients with MDSs and 27 with CMML were enrolled. They were either previously untreated (66%) or had received only biologic agents (14%) or(More)
The impact of ten-eleven-translocation 2 (TET2) mutations on response to azacitidine (AZA) in MDS has not been reported. We sequenced the TET2 gene in 86 MDS and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with 20-30% blasts treated by AZA, that is disease categories wherein this drug is approved by Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Thirteen patients (15%) carried TET2(More)
A large proportion of lower-risk myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) respond to erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESA), but most responses are transient. We updated a previously reported cohort of lower-risk MDS patients treated with ESA and analyzed outcomes after ESA failure. In 120 patients with primary resistance and 66 patients with relapse after an(More)