Norbert Teig

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BACKGROUND It is an ongoing debate in Germany whether there is an association between the number of preterm infants admitted to a neonatal unit per year and neonatal mortality. Data from Germany on this topic are sparse and the generalizability of this data is questionable in face of a heterogeneous organization of perinatal care among federal states. (More)
BACKGROUND Tolerating higher partial pressure of carbon dioxide (pCO2) in mechanically ventilated, extremely low birthweight infants might reduce ventilator-induced lung injury and bronchopulmonary dysplasia. We aimed to test the hypothesis that higher target ranges for pCO2 decrease the rate of bronchopulmonary dysplasia or death. METHODS In this(More)
Pulmonary haemosiderosis (PH) results from recurrent bleeding into alveolar spaces and interstitial lung tissue. If untreated, fibrosis and restrictive lung disease will develop and may lead to death. A distinction can be made between primary and secondary pulmonary haemosiderosis as a manifestation of auto-immune small vessel vasculitides, coagulation(More)
IMPORTANCE Treatment of respiratory distress syndrome in premature infants with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) preserves surfactant and keeps the lung open but is insufficient in severe surfactant deficiency. Traditional surfactant administration is related to short periods of positive pressure ventilation and implies the risk of lung injury.(More)
AIM Providing less invasive surfactant administration (LISA) to spontaneously breathing preterm infants has been reported to reduce mechanical ventilation and bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in randomised controlled trials. This large cohort study compared these outcome measures between LISA-treated infants and controls. METHODS Infants receiving LISA,(More)
It is well known that the human immune system is functionally less mature at birth and, within the first years of life, undergoes a process of sequential development. Two subsets of dendritic cells (DCs) were identified in the blood: plasmacytoid and myeloid DCs. DCs stain negative for CD3, CD14, CD16, CD19, CD20 and CD56, and positive for human leucocyte(More)
Subglottic haemangioma causes progressive and life-threatening stridor, typically manifesting at age 2–3 months. Standard diagnosis is by laryngoscopy. Larynx sonography is rarely used but allows assessment of the presence and extension of a mass that impinges on the subglottic airway. The additional use of colour Doppler enables demonstration of the(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine whether the tumor necrosis factor-α -308 G/A polymorphism is associated with blood culture-proven sepsis in two large cohorts of very-low-birth-weight infants. DESIGN Genetic association studies. SETTING Prospective, population-based, multicentered cohort of 1944 very-low-birth-weight infants born in 14 German study centers(More)
AIM ATP-binding cassette member A 3 (ABCA3) plays a critical role for the transport of surfactant phospholipids into the lamellar bodies of type II alveolar epithelial cells. Term infants carrying the E292V missense mutation of the gene encoding ABCA3 are likely to develop respiratory distress syndrome, and the mutation has also been linked to interstitial(More)
BACKGROUND Treatment of severe diffuse congenital hyperinsulinism (CHI) without sufficient response to diazoxide is complicated by the lack of approved drugs. Therefore, patients are often hospitalized long-term or have to undergo pancreatic surgery if episodes of severe hypoglycaemia cannot be prevented. A long-acting somatostatin analogue, octreotide, has(More)