Norbert Meidenbauer

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Spontaneous apoptosis was observed in a proportion of peripheral blood mononuclear cells obtained from patients with head and neck cancer (HNC) but not from normal healthy donors (T. Saito et al., Clin. Cancer Res., 5: 1263-1273, 1999). To further investigate this phenomenon, peripheral blood mononuclear cells were obtained from patients with HNC or normal(More)
A characteristic feature of tumors is high production of lactic acid due to enhanced glycolysis. Here, we show a positive correlation between lactate serum levels and tumor burden in cancer patients and examine the influence of lactic acid on immune functions in vitro. Lactic acid suppressed the proliferation and cytokine production of human cytotoxic T(More)
PURPOSE The adoptive transfer of in vitro generated tumor antigen-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) provides a promising approach to the immunotherapy of cancer. A phase I study was conducted to test the feasibility, safety, and survival of adoptively transferred Melan-A-specific CTL lines in melanoma patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS Eleven HLA-A2+(More)
Although tumor-specific CD8 T-cell responses often develop in cancer patients, they rarely result in tumor eradication. We aimed at studying directly the functional efficacy of tumor-specific CD8 T cells at the site of immune attack. Tumor lesions in lymphoid and nonlymphoid tissues (metastatic lymph nodes and soft tissue/visceral metastases, respectively)(More)
Human monocyte-derived dendritic cells (DC) can ingest apoptotic tumor cells (ATC) and present tumor-associated antigens (TAA) to T cells, leading to the generation of tumor-specific cytotoxic effector cells (Cancer Res 2000;60:3542-9). To further augment antitumor effector cell responses, attempts were made to modify antigen presentation and cross-priming(More)
It has been suggested that dendritic cells (DCs) are capable of ingesting apoptotic tumor cells (ATCs) and presenting tumor-associated antigens to immune cells. We evaluated the potential of human DCs, which have ingested ATCs, to serve as a source of antigenic epitopes for presentation to T cells specific for PCI-13, a squamous cell carcinoma of the head(More)
The characterization of tumor-associated antigens recognized by human T lymphocytes in a major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-restricted fashion has opened new possibilities for immunotherapeutic approaches to the treatment of human cancers. Dendritic cells (DC) are professional antigen presenting cells that are well suited to activate T cells toward(More)
Human squamous cell carcinomas of the head and neck (SCCHN) do not express the costimulatory molecules B7.1 or B7.2 in situ or in culture. Transduction of B7.1(-) SCCHN cells with the retroviral B7. 1 and neo(r) genes resulted in the expression of high levels of the transgene in these tumor cells. When B7.1(+) SCCHN cells were used as stimulators of(More)
We examined the mobilization of blood monocytes (MO) with recombinant human granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (rhuGM-CSF) with regard to the in vitro generation of MO-derived tumor-cytotoxic macrophages (MAC) for use in adoptive immunotherapy of cancer patients. Eleven patients with progressing metastatic cancer received interferon(More)