Norbert Makori

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BACKGROUND We have previously reported that exposure of embryos to 13-cis-retinoic acid (cRA) results in an abnormal phenotype of the fetal cerebellum. In this study, we analyzed early changes in the cerebellar anlagen (midbrain-hindbrain junction) as well as lesions of the fetal cerebellar vermis after a teratogenic dosing regimen of cRA in the macaque(More)
BACKGROUND Biopharmaceutical development necessitates use of non-human primates in toxicology, leading to adoption of non-traditional methods including cognitive function assessment. METHODS A two-object discrimination and reversal test in cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis) was performed using a Wisconsin General Testing Apparatus (WGTA).(More)
This study investigates hindbrain and associated neural crest (NCC), otocyst, and pharyngeal arch development in monkey embryos following teratogenic exposure to 13-cis-retinoic acid (cRA). cRA was orally administered (5 mg/kg) to pregnant long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis) between gestational days (GD) 12 and 27. Embryos were surgically collected(More)
Hindbrain and craniofacial development during early organogenesis was studied in normal and retinoic acid-exposed Macaca fascicularis embryos. 13-cis-retinoic acid impaired hindbrain segmentation as evidenced by compression of rhombomeres 1 to 5. Immunolocalization with the Hoxb-1 gene product along with quantitative measurements demonstrated that(More)
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