Norbert Krauss

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Oxygenic photosynthesis is the principal energy converter on earth. It is driven by photosystems I and II, two large protein-cofactor complexes located in the thylakoid membrane and acting in series. In photosystem II, water is oxidized; this event provides the overall process with the necessary electrons and protons, and the atmosphere with oxygen. To(More)
Life on Earth depends on photosynthesis, the conversion of light energy from the Sun to chemical energy. In plants, green algae and cyanobacteria, this process is driven by the cooperation of two large protein-cofactor complexes, photosystems I and II, which are located in the thylakoid photosynthetic membranes. The crystal structure of photosystem I from(More)
In plants and cyanobacteria, the primary step in oxygenic photosynthesis, the light induced charge separation, is driven by two large membrane intrinsic protein complexes, the photosystems I and II. Photosystem I catalyses the light driven electron transfer from plastocyanin/cytochrome c(6) on the lumenal side of the membrane to ferredoxin/flavodoxin at the(More)
Opsin, the ligand-free form of the G-protein-coupled receptor rhodopsin, at low pH adopts a conformationally distinct, active G-protein-binding state known as Ops*. A synthetic peptide derived from the main binding site of the heterotrimeric G protein-the carboxy terminus of the alpha-subunit (GalphaCT)-stabilizes Ops*. Here we present the 3.2 A crystal(More)
An improved structural model of the photosystem I complex from the thermophilic cyanobacterium Synechococcus elongatus is described at 4 A resolution. This represents the most complete model of a photosystem presently available, uniting both a photosynthetic reaction centre domain and a core antenna system. Most constituent elements of the electron transfer(More)
The 4 A X-ray structure model of trimeric photosystem I of the cyanobacterium Synechococcus elongatus reveals 31 transmembrane, nine surface and three stromal alpha-helices per monomer, assigned to the 11 protein subunits: PsaA and PsaB are related by a pseudo two-fold axis normal to the membrane plane, along which the electron transfer pigments are(More)
Human lysosomal arylsulfatase A (ASA) is a prototype member of the sulfatase family. These enzymes require the posttranslational oxidation of the -CH2SH group of a conserved cysteine to an aldehyde, yielding a formylglycine. Without this modification sulfatases are catalytically inactive, as revealed by a lysosomal storage disorder known as multiple(More)
G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are seven transmembrane helix (TM) proteins that transduce signals into living cells by binding extracellular ligands and coupling to intracellular heterotrimeric G proteins (Gαβγ). The photoreceptor rhodopsin couples to transducin and bears its ligand 11-cis-retinal covalently bound via a protonated Schiff base to the(More)
The structure of photosystem I from the thermophilic cyanobacterium Synechococcus elongatus has been recently resolved by x-ray crystallography to 2.5-A resolution. Besides the reaction center, photosystem I consists also of a core antenna containing 90 chlorophyll and 22 carotenoid molecules. It is their function to harvest solar energy and to transfer(More)
The 4 A structural model of photosystem I (PSI) has elucidated essential features of this protein complex. Inter alia, it demonstrates that the core proteins of PSI, PsaA and PsaB each consist of an N-terminal antenna-binding domain, and a C-terminal reaction center (RC)-domain. A comparison of the RC-domain of PSI and the photosynthetic RC of purple(More)