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A newly developed technique based on image sequence analysis allows automatic and precise quantification of the dynamics of the growth velocity of the root tip, the distribution of expansion growth rates along the entire growth zone and the oscillation frequencies of the root tip during growth without the need of artificial landmarks. These three major(More)
Forces applied by cells to substrates can be measured using soft substrates with embedded displacement markers. Traction forces are retrieved from microscopic images by determining the displacements of these markers and fitting the generating forces. Here we show that using elastic films of 5-10-microm thickness one can improve the spatial resolution of the(More)
Field-based high throughput phenotyping is a bottleneck for crop breeding research. We present a novel method for repeated remote phenotyping of maize genotypes using the Zeppelin NT aircraft as an experimental sensor platform. The system has the advantage of a low altitude and cruising speed compared to many drones or airplanes, thus enhancing image(More)
The coordinated formation and release of focal adhesions is necessary for cell attachment and migration. According to current models, these processes are caused by temporal variations in protein composition. Protein incorporation into focal adhesions is believed to be controlled by phosphorylation. Here, we tested the exchange dynamics of GFP-vinculin as(More)
Cardiomyocytes are responsible for the permanent blood flow by coordinated heart contractions. This vital function is accomplished over a long period of time with almost the same performance, although heart properties, as its elasticity, change drastically upon aging or as a result of diseases like myocardial infarction. In this paper we have analyzed late(More)
Almost each mammalian cell permanently applies forces to its environment. These forces are essential for many vital processes such as tissue formation or cell movement. In turn, the environmental conditions of cells strongly affect force production. Here we report on the development of an array of elastomeric micropillars as cellular environment. Within(More)
Robust segmentation of canopy cover (CC) from large amounts of images taken under different illumination/light conditions in the field is essential for high throughput field phenotyping (HTFP). We attempted to address this challenge by evaluating different vegetation indices and segmentation methods for analyzing images taken at varying illuminations(More)
Focal adhesions (FAs) connect the cellular actin cytoskeleton via integrin with the extracellular matrix. They comprise of many structural and signaling proteins which are highly dynamic, well regulated, and responsible for the sensing of physical properties from the environment. Vinculin is a protein that incorporates all these functions. Here, we(More)
Cassava (Manihot esculenta) is the most important root crop in the tropics, but rapid postharvest physiological deterioration (PPD) of the root is a major constraint to commercial cassava production. We established a reliable method for image-based PPD symptom quantification and used label-free quantitative proteomics to generate an extensive cassava root(More)
Cellular forces are closely related to many physiological processes, including cell migration, growth, division, and differentiation. Here, we describe newly developed techniques to measure these forces with high spatial resolution. Our approach is based on ultrasoft silicone elastomer films with a regular microstructure molded into the surface. Mechanical(More)