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The mutual information between a complex-valued channel input and its complex-valued output is decomposed into four parts based on polar coordinates: an amplitude term, a phase term, and two mixed terms. Numerical results for the additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) channel with various inputs show that, at high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), the amplitude(More)
We demonstrate a 93.8-Gb/s real-time optical OFDM transmitter with 1024-point IFFT using polarization-multiplexing and 4-QAM modulation. This is the highest IFFT size implemented for OFDM to our knowledge. The limited resources of FPGA make it challenging to place and route such a high size IFFT. The implementation penalty of the real time transmitter(More)
The complexities of common equalizer schemes are analytically analyzed in this paper in terms of complex multiplications per bit. Based on this approach we compare the complexity of mode-division multiplexed digital signal processing algorithms with different numbers of multiplexed modes in terms of modal dispersion and distance. It is found that training(More)
Lower bounds on mutual information (MI) of long-haul optical fiber systems for hard-decision and soft-decision decoding are studied. Ready-to-use expressions to calculate the MI are presented. Extensive numerical simulations are used to quantify how changes in the optical transmitter, receiver, and channel affect the achievable transmission rates of the(More)
—We experimentally investigate mutual information and generalized mutual information for coherent optical transmission systems. The impact of the assumed channel distribution on the achievable rate is investigated for distributions in up to four dimensions. Single channel and wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) transmission over transmission links with(More)
Different pulse shapes are presented as alternative to traditional (N)RZ pulses in communication systems using direct detection. The pulses are efficiently generated in the frequency domain using the discrete Fourier transform. The trade-off between spectral occupancy and eye opening is discussed and performance is evaluated by means of simulations.
—Probabilistic shaping of quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM) is used to enhance the sensitivity of an optical communication system. Sensitivity gains of 0.43 dB and 0.8 dB are demonstrated in back-to-back experiments by shaping of 16QAM and 64QAM, respectively. Further, numerical simulations are used to prove the robustness of probabilistic shaping to a(More)
In coherent optical OFDM systems, the large peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR) gives rise to signal impairments through the nonlinearity of modulator and fiber. We review the most prominent PAPR reduction techniques that have been proposed for mitigating the impairments with regard to their reduction capability, computational complexity and redundancy.(More)
Using an alternative approach for evaluating the Bit-Error Rate (BER), we present a numerical and experimental investigation of the performance of phase-modulated optical communication systems in the presence of nonlinear phase noise and dispersion. The numerical method is based on the well known Karhunen-Lo;eve expansion combined with a linearization(More)