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MicroRNAs are small, non-coding RNA molecules that can complementarily bind to the mRNA 3'-UTR region to regulate the gene expression by transcriptional repression or induction of mRNA degradation. Increasing evidence suggests a new mechanism by which miRNAs may regulate target gene expression by binding in promoter and amino acid coding regions. Most of(More)
The stereotyped development of the glomerular lesions in many animal models and human forms of progressive renal disease suggests that there are common mechanisms of disease progression. We propose the outline of such a mechanism based on following aspects: (1) The glomerulus is a complex structure, the stability of which depends on the cooperative function(More)
Despite the recent positional cloning of the PKD1 and PKD2 genes, which are mutated in the great majority of patients with autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease (PKD), the pathogenic mechanism for cyst formation is still unclear. The finding, that the PKD1 and PKD2 proteins interact with each other through their COOH termini, suggests that both(More)
Cellular signal transduction is governed by multiple feedback mechanisms to elicit robust cellular decisions. The specific contributions of individual feedback regulators, however, remain unclear. Based on extensive time-resolved data sets in primary erythroid progenitor cells, we established a dynamic pathway model to dissect the roles of the two(More)
Inflammatory responses represent a hallmark of numerous pathologies including sepsis, bacterial infection, insulin resistance, and malign obesity. Here we describe an unexpected coactivator function for the nuclear receptor interacting protein 140 (RIP140) for nuclear factor kappaB (NFkappaB), a master transcriptional regulator of inflammation in multiple(More)
Nephronophthisis (NPHP), a group of autosomal recessive cystic kidney disorders, is the most common genetic cause of progressive renal failure in children and young adults. NPHP may be associated with Leber congenital amaurosis, tapeto-retinal degeneration, cerebellar ataxia, cone-shaped epiphyses, congenital oculomotor apraxia and hepatic fibrosis. Loci(More)
In a retrospective study the overall survival time of 205 cystinotic patients of six countries was determined. The median survival time was 8.5 years. The median time for 'renal death' (age at death due to uraemia or age at starting renal replacement therapy) was 9.2 years. The youngest patient dying of renal death was 5.2 years. No sex difference in(More)
In a historical group of 205 patients with infantile or adolescent cystinosis treated without cysteamine, the rate of deterioration of renal function was analysed retrospectively. Patient survival curves and renal survival data are presented. Longitudinal data of serum creatinine values (n=3280) in 157 patients were plotted for each patient, smoothed by the(More)
BACKGROUND Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is consistently associated with tubular degeneration and interstitial fibrosis, altogether, accounting for the progressive decline in renal function. The mechanisms which link glomerular injury to tubulo-interstitial fibrosis are controversial. The present study describes the step-by-step sequence of(More)