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MicroRNAs are small, non-coding RNA molecules that can complementarily bind to the mRNA 3'-UTR region to regulate the gene expression by transcriptional repression or induction of mRNA degradation. Increasing evidence suggests a new mechanism by which miRNAs may regulate target gene expression by binding in promoter and amino acid coding regions. Most of(More)
Cellular signal transduction is governed by multiple feedback mechanisms to elicit robust cellular decisions. The specific contributions of individual feedback regulators, however, remain unclear. Based on extensive time-resolved data sets in primary erythroid progenitor cells, we established a dynamic pathway model to dissect the roles of the two(More)
BACKGROUND Inulin/sinistrin (I/S) clearance is a gold standard for an accurate assessment of glomerular filtration rate (GFR). Here we describe and validate an approach for a transcutaneous determination of GFR by using fluorescein-isothiocyanate-labelled sinistrin (FITC-S) in rats. METHODS Using a small animal imager, fluorescence is measured over the(More)
The enteric nervous system with its intricate network of neurons and glia shows a high plasticity, which not only changes during pre- and postnatal development, but also with disease or changing dietary habits. FGF as a potent neurotrophic factor in the central nervous system might also play a specific role for the ENS development, FGF-2 knockout and(More)
BACKGROUND The β-amyloid precursor protein (APP) and the related β-amyloid precursor-like proteins (APLPs) undergo complex proteolytic processing giving rise to several fragments. Whereas it is well established that Aβ accumulation is a central trigger for Alzheimer's disease, the physiological role of APP family members and their diverse proteolytic(More)
MOTIVATION The wide use of DNA microarrays for the investigation of the cell transcriptome triggered the invention of numerous methods for the processing of microarray data and lead to a growing number of microarray studies that examine the same biological conditions. However, comparisons made on the level of gene lists obtained by different statistical(More)
OBJECTIVE Carnosinase 1 (CN1) is a secreted dipeptidase that hydrolyzes L-carnosine. Recently, we have identified an allelic variant of human CN1 (hCN1) that results in increased enzyme activity and is associated with susceptibility for diabetic nephropathy in human diabetic patients. We therefore hypothesized that L-carnosine in the serum represents a(More)
Glomerular hypertension is a major determinant advancing progression to end-stage renal failure. Podocytes, which are thought to counteract pressure-mediated capillary expansion, are increasingly challenged in glomerular hypertension. Studies in animal models of glomerular hypertension indicate that glomerulosclerosis develops from adhesions of the(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) constitute a recently discovered class of small non-coding RNAs that regulate expression of target genes either by decreasing the stability of the target mRNA or by translational inhibition. They are involved in diverse processes, including cellular differentiation, proliferation and apoptosis. Recent evidence also suggests their(More)