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Activity cliffs were systematically extracted from public domain X-ray structures of targets for which complexes with multiple ligands were available, following the concept of three-dimensional (3D) cliffs. Binding modes of ligands with well-defined potency measurements were compared in a pairwise manner, and their 3D similarity was calculated using a(More)
Two series of novel pyrazolobenzothiazine-based hybrid compounds were efficiently synthesized starting from saccharin sodium salt. Pyrazolo[4,3-c][1,2]benzothiazine scaffolds were N-arylated by using p-fluorobenzaldehyde, followed by the incorporation of a benzimidazole or similar ring systems by treatment with arylenediamines. These phenylene-connected(More)
Publicly available kinase inhibitors have been analyzed in detail. Nearly 19000 inhibitors have been identified with activity against 266 different kinases. Thus, about half of the human kinome is currently covered with active small molecules. The distribution of inhibitors across the kinome is uneven. Most available kinase inhibitors are likely to be type(More)
Human matriptase-2 is an enzyme that belongs to the family of type II transmembrane serine proteases. So far there is a limited knowledge regarding its specificity and protein substrate(s). One of the identified natural substrates is hemojuvelin, a protein involved in the control of iron homeostasis. In this work, we describe the synthesis and evaluation of(More)
A coumarin-tetrahydroquinoline hydride 8 was synthesized as a chemical tool for fluorescent labeling. The rigidified tricyclic coumarin structure was chosen for its suitable fluorescence properties. The connection of 8 with a vinyl sulfone building block was accomplished by convergent synthesis thereby leading to the coumarin-based, tripeptidomimetic(More)
Using the example of cathepsin K, we demonstrate the design of highly potent and selective azadipeptide nitrile inhibitors. A systematic scan with respect to P2 and P3 substituents was carried out. Structural modifications strongly affected the enzyme-inhibitor association (but not dissociation) rate. A combination of optimized P2 and P3 substituents with a(More)
Kinases are among the structurally most extensively characterized therapeutic targets. For many kinases, X-ray structures of inhibitor complexes are publicly available. We have identified all three-dimensional activity cliffs (3D-cliffs) formed by kinase inhibitors. More than 1300 X-ray structures of unique kinase-inhibitor complexes and associated activity(More)
Cleavage of the invariant chain is the key event in the trafficking pathway of major histocompatibility complex class II. Cathepsin S is the major processing enzyme of the invariant chain, but cathepsin F acts in macrophages as its functional synergist which is as potent as cathepsin S in invariant chain cleavage. Dedicated low-molecular-weight inhibitors(More)
The cell-surface serine protease matriptase-2 is a critical stimulator of iron absorption by negatively regulating hepcidin, the key hormone of iron homeostasis. Thus, it has attracted much attention as a target in primary and secondary iron overload diseases. Here, we have characterised Kunitz-type inhibitors hepatocyte growth factor activator inhibitor 1(More)
In an effort to identify novel cholinesterase candidates for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD), a diverse array of potentially bioactive compounds including triazolothiadiazoles (4a-h and 5a-f) and triazolothiadiazines (6a-h) was obtained in good yields through the cyclocondensation reaction of 4-amino-5-(pyridin-3-yl)-4H-1,2,4-triazole-3-thiol (3)(More)