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Characterization and use of effective cancer chemopreventive agents have become important issues in public health-related research. Aiming to identify novel potential chemopreventive agents, we have established an interrelated series of bioassay systems targeting molecular mechanisms relevant for the prevention of tumor development. We report(More)
Identification and use of effective cancer chemopreventive agents have become an important issue in public health-related research. For identification of potential cancer chemopreventive constituents we have set up a battery of cell- and enzyme-based in vitro marker systems relevant for prevention of carcinogenesis in vivo. These systems include modulation(More)
Disulfiram (DSF), an inhibitor of chemically induced carcinogenesis, and its metabolite diethyldithiocarbamate (DDTC) have been investigated for their influence on trace element distribution and on certain enzymes of the drug metabolizing system in the livers of phenobarbital (PB) treated rats. Both substances diminished the PB induced enzyme response in(More)
Six known isoflavones were isolated from the rhizomes of Iris germanica, and were established by UV, MS and NMR techniques as irisolidone (1), irisolidone 7-O-alpha-D-glucoside (1a), irigenin (2), irilone (3), iriflogenin (4), and iriskashmirianin (5). These compounds were examined for their cancer chemopreventive potential. They were shown to be potent(More)
Pharmacokinetics and toxicity of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) applied intra-arterially into the liver were studied in control and cirrhotic rats. Cirrhosis was induced by administering thioacetamide (4.5 mg/rat X day) over 6 months. 5-FU was administered into the hepatic artery at 30 mg/kg b.w. by bolus injection followed by infusion of 0.63 mg/kg X min for 40(More)
The hydrolytic activities of various rat tissue homogenates on the substrates 1-(N-methyl-N-nitrosamino)-methylacetate (NNMA), 1-(N-methyl-N-nitrosamino)-methylbutyrate (NNMB), 1-(N-methyl-N-nitrosamino)-methylbenzoate and 1-(N-methyl-N-nitrosamino)-methylpivaloate (NNMP) were investigated+. The hydrolytic enzymes of liver and serum showed similar(More)
Diethyldithiocarbaminate (DDTC), mercaptoethanesulfonate (MESNA) and ethylxanthate (PEX) were tested for their influence on N-nitrosodiethylamine (NDEA) metabolism. The exhalation rate of 14CO2 released from [14C]NDEA was decreased by PEX, but not by MESNA or DDTC. The sulfur compounds led to an increased excretion of unchanged NDEA in urine in the order(More)
Xanthohumol (XN) is a prenylated chalcone, which has been shown to possess a broad range of potential cancer preventive and additional biological activities. In the present study, we have determined the subchronic 4-wk toxicity of XN and monitored its influence on fertility and development of offspring in two fertility studies. Four-week-old female Sprague(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Activation of transcription factor nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) may induce expression of either proinflammatory/apoptotic genes or antiapoptotic genes. Because a considerable number of middle cerebral artery occlusions (MCAOs) in humans are not associated with reperfusion during the first 24 hours, the role of NF-kappaB after(More)