Norbert-Claude Gorin

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Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) inhibit the response of allogeneic T lymphocytes in culture. Because the mechanisms of this effect may differ according to the existence of cell contact, we investigated the differences in gene expression of inhibitory molecules during MSC-T lymphocyte coculture when cell contact does and does not occur. Human MSC and T(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the role of donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) in the treatment of relapsed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). PATIENTS AND METHODS We retrospectively analyzed the data of 399 patients with AML in first hematological relapse after HSCT whose treatment did (n = 171) or did not (n =(More)
The interactions between mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and immune system are currently being explored. Leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) is linked to regulatory transplantation tolerance. Our aim was to study the expression of LIF on human MSCs at both gene and protein level in mixed lymphocyte reaction (MSC/MLR), and its implication in MSC immunosuppressive(More)
PURPOSE Reduced intensity conditioning regimen (RIC) is increasingly used in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Unrelated donor (UD) transplants have more complications. We wanted to examine if RIC is a valid treatment option using UD in acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML). PATIENTS AND METHODS Between 1999 and 2005, 401 patients with AML were(More)
Clinical-grade human mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) have been expanded in vitro for tissue engineering or immunoregulatory purposes without standardized culture conditions or release criteria. Although human MSCs show poor susceptibility for oncogenic transformation, 2 recent studies described their capacity to accumulate chromosomal instability and to(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC), multipotent adult stem cells, feature the potential to regenerate tissue damage and, in parallel, inhibit inflammation and fibrosis. MSC can be safely transplanted in autologous and allogeneic ways as they are non-immunogenic, and consequently represent a therapeutic option for refractory connective tissue diseases, fibrosing(More)
Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) are multipotent adult stem cells with the potential to regenerate tissue damage and inhibit inflammation and fibrosis in parallel. As they are non-immunogenic, MSC can be safely auto- and allotransplanted and consequently represent a therapeutic option for refractory connective tissue diseases and fistulizing colitis like(More)
The concern of the public regarding terrorist actions involving nuclear emergencies resulted in the reopening of the discussion regarding the best ways to cope with the inevitable health impairments. Medical experts from the US and from Europe considered it of importance to harmonize at an international level the diagnostic and therapeutic approaches(More)
PURPOSE To compare the efficacy of autologous cell therapy after irradiation combined with granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) injections with G-CSF treatment alone in a heterogeneous model of irradiation representative of an accidental situation. MATERIAL AND METHODS Non-human primates were irradiated at 8.7 Gy whole-body dose with the right(More)
PURPOSE Patients with acute myelocytic leukemia carrying inversion 16 (inv16) or t(8;21) have a better initial response to high-dose cytarabine than patients without these chromosomal abnormalities. They presently do not undergo transplantation in first remission (CR1), but there is concern about late relapses. PATIENTS AND METHODS From 1990 to 2004, 325(More)