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We have recently shown that tanycytes, a particular type of glial cell that has morphological and biochemical similarities with radial glial cells, constitute a preferential support for the regeneration of lesioned neurohypophysial axons. The present study was designed to explore the possible neurotrophic role of tanycytes in vitro. Glial cells derived from(More)
Amyloid precursor protein (APP) is a transmembrane glycoprotein which is believed to promote neural cell adhesion, neural survival, and neuritogenesis. The present study was undertaken to determine whether APP could be detected within different types of astroglial cells present in the central nervous system (CNS) of neonatal or adult rats. The localization(More)
Calcium-permeable neurotransmitter receptors are concentrated into structurally and biochemically isolated cellular compartments to localize calcium-mediated events during neurotransmission. The cytoplasmic membrane contains lipid microdomains called lipid rafts, which can gather into microscopically visible clusters, and thus the association of a(More)
In the intact hypothalamo-neurohypophysial system, oxytocinergic or vasopressinergic neurons project their axons throughout the internal layer of the median eminence towards the blood vessels of the hypophysial neural lobe. When transected at the level of the median eminence, these axons undergo massive sprouting towards the external layer of the organ and(More)
Intermediate filaments (IFs) are a major component of the cytoskeleton in astrocytes. Their role is far from being completely understood. Immature astrocytes play a major role in neuronal migration and neuritogenesis, and their IFs are mainly composed of vimentin. In mature differentiated astrocytes, vimentin is replaced by the IF protein glial fibrillary(More)
Little is known on the forms of interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) that are produced by microglial cells in the nervous system. Mixed glial cell cultures of rats produced IL-1beta in response to lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Using Western blot, pro-IL-1beta was found to be localized both intracellularly and in the supernatant, whereas mature IL-1beta was found only(More)
We have recently shown that tanycytes present in the median eminence (ME) constitute a preferential support for the regeneration of lesioned neurohypophysial oxytocinergic and vasopressinergic axons. However, although tanycytes are particularly abundant in the ME, they are also present along the third ventricle wall. This study was thus undertaken to(More)
In the brain of adult rodents, young neurons arising from the subventricular zone (SVZ) of the lateral ventricle migrate tangentially along the rostral migratory stream (RMS) toward the olfactory bulb. The aim of this study was to determine whether surgical lesions placed through the RMS could affect the rostral migration of these newly formed neurons.(More)
A specific monoclonal antiserum (Mab 6.17) inducing a strong immunostaining of the neuromuscular junction has been used to detect the possible occurrence of the corresponding antigen throughout the intact or lesioned central nervous system of adult rats. In intact animals, 6.17-immunolabeling was essentially detected in astrocyte-like structures located in(More)
N-cadherin is an adhesion receptor that participates in both interaction between immature pre- and postsynaptic neurons and in the stabilization and function of matured neuron-neuron synapses. To better understand how the N-cadherin complex contributes to synapse formation, we examined its distribution and composition during synapse formation in the chick(More)