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The effect of monoamine uptake inhibitor-type antidepressants on sodium channels of hippocampal neurons was investigated. Members of the tricyclic group of antidepressants are known to modify multiple targets, including sodium channels, whereas selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are regarded as highly selective compounds, and their effect on(More)
Sodium channels are inhibited by a chemically diverse group of compounds. In the last decade entirely new structural classes with superior properties have been discovered, and novel therapeutic uses of sodium channel inhibitors (SCIs) have been suggested. Many promising novel drug candidates have been described and characterized. Published(More)
Sodium channels are one of the most intensively studied drug targets. Sodium channel inhibitors (e.g., local anesthetics, anticonvulsants, antiarrhythmics and analgesics) exert their effect by stabilizing an inactivated conformation of the channels. Besides the fast-inactivated conformation, sodium channels have several distinct slow-inactivated(More)
Since the discovery of opioid receptor dimers their possible roles in opioid actions were intensively investigated. Here we suggest a mechanism that may involve the μ-δ opioid heterodimers. The exact role of δ opioid receptors in antinociception and in the development of opioid tolerance is still unclear. While receptor up-regulation can be observed during(More)
Accumulating evidence has indicated the involvement of glutamatergic neurotransmission in the pathophysiology of excitotoxicity and in the mechanism of action of antidepressants. We have previously shown that tricyclic desipramine and the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor fluoxetine inhibit NMDA receptors (NMDARs) in the clinically relevant, low(More)
In this study, an attempt was made to integrate the effects of GINKGO BILOBA extract (GBE) in different experimental systems (IN VITRO cochlea, brain slice preparations and cortical cell culture) to elucidate whether these processes converge to promote neuroprotection or interfere with normal neural function. GBE increased the release of dopamine in the(More)
BACKGROUND There is only one established drug binding site on sodium channels. However, drug binding of sodium channels shows extreme promiscuity: ∼25% of investigated drugs have been found to potently inhibit sodium channels. The structural diversity of these molecules suggests that they may not share the binding site, and/or the mode of action. Our goal(More)
CB1 cannabinoid receptors (CB1) are located at axon terminals and effectively control synaptic communication and thereby circuit operation widespread in the CNS. Although it is partially uncovered how CB1 activation leads to the reduction of synaptic excitation, the mechanisms of the decrease of GABA release upon activation of these cannabinoid receptors(More)
The release of GABA from cholecystokinin-containing interneurons is modulated by type-1 cannabinoid receptors (CB1). Here we tested the hypothesis that the strength of CB1-mediated modulation of GABA release is related to the CB1 content of axon terminals. Basket cell boutons have on average 78% higher CB1 content than those of dendritic-layer-innervating(More)
The major drug binding site of sodium channels is inaccessible from the extracellular side, drug molecules can only access it either from the membrane phase, or from the intracellular aqueous phase. For this reason, ligand-membrane interactions are as important determinants of inhibitor properties, as ligand-protein interactions. One-way to probe this is to(More)