Nora L. Zorich

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The prevalence and impact of abdominal pain, bloating, and diarrhea in the adult US population are largely unknown. We conducted a national, cross-sectional, telephone survey of US households to provide estimates of the frequency, duration, severity, and impact of specific digestive symptoms during the previous month. A total of 2510 subjects completed(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the effects of olestra and sorbitol consumption on three accepted objective measures of diarrhea (stool output >250 g/day, liquid/watery stools, bowel movement frequency >3/day), and how stool composition influences reports of common gastrointestinal symptoms. A double-blind, placebo-controlled study compared the(More)
In this study we demonstrate that apolipoprotein A-I determined the common size classes of discoidal particles formed with numerous phosphatidylcholines, and with ether analogs of phosphatidylcholines. We show furthermore, that the nature of the lipids dictates the distribution of particles among the different size classes. These experiments were performed(More)
In a continued investigation of lecithin cholesterol acyltransferase reaction with micellar discoidal complexes of phosphatidylcholine, cholesterol, and various water soluble apolipoproteins, we prepared complexes containing human apo-E by the cholate dialysis method. These complexes were systematically compared to apo-A-I complexes synthesized under the(More)
One hundred two normal healthy males and females were given 0, 8, 20 or 32 g/d olestra to which had been added graded amounts of vitamins A, D and E for 8 wk in a parallel, double-blind study. The primary purpose of the study was to determine the amounts of vitamins D and E needed to offset the effect of olestra on the availability of these vitamins. Serum(More)
Market introduction of savory snacks containing olestra offered an opportunity to evaluate the safety of olestra in a free-living population and thereby compare the outcome to the previously established safety profile determined in clinical trials in which subjects were required to eat predetermined amounts at prescribed intervals. Therefore, a multifaceted(More)
PURPOSE To determine the effects of olestra, a zero-calorie fat substitute that is neither digested nor absorbed, on the well-being and disease state of persons with chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in remission. PATIENTS AND METHODS Eighty-nine patients with mild to moderate ulcerative colitis (n = 43) or Crohn's disease (n = 46) in remission,(More)
CONTEXT Olestra, a nonabsorbable, energy-free fat substitute used in snack foods, has been anecdotally reported to cause gastrointestinal (GI) adverse events, although such effects were not expected based on results from randomized trials, in which it was consumed in typical snack patterns. OBJECTIVE To determine whether ad libitum consumption of potato(More)
The effect of olestra, a zero-calorie fat replacement, on the absorption of dietary fat was determined with a dual-isotope technique in 67 healthy male subjects. After a 30-d adaptation period in which they consumed potato chips which delivered either 10 g/d olestra or 10 g/d triglyceride under free-living conditions, the subjects were housed in a metabolic(More)
Olestra is a fat substitute made from sucrose and vegetable oil. Olestra is neither digested nor absorbed, and therefore adds no calories or fat to the diet. Because the gut is the only organ that is exposed to olestra, the potential for olestra to affect gastrointestinal structure and function, and the absorption of nutrients from the gut, has been(More)