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The prevalence and impact of abdominal pain, bloating, and diarrhea in the adult US population are largely unknown. We conducted a national, cross-sectional, telephone survey of US households to provide estimates of the frequency, duration, severity, and impact of specific digestive symptoms during the previous month. A total of 2510 subjects completed(More)
One hundred two normal healthy males and females were given 0, 8, 20 or 32 g/d olestra to which had been added graded amounts of vitamins A, D and E for 8 wk in a parallel, double-blind study. The primary purpose of the study was to determine the amounts of vitamins D and E needed to offset the effect of olestra on the availability of these vitamins. Serum(More)
Following U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval for the use of olestra, a noncaloric fat substitute (brand name Olean) in food snacks, the manufacturer agreed to provide safety updates on market experience to the FDA. However, guidelines for food product postmarketing surveillance (PMS) are not available and those typically used with medical(More)
CONTEXT Olestra, a nonabsorbable, energy-free fat substitute used in snack foods, has been anecdotally reported to cause gastrointestinal (GI) adverse events, although such effects were not expected based on results from randomized trials, in which it was consumed in typical snack patterns. OBJECTIVE To determine whether ad libitum consumption of potato(More)
In this study we demonstrate that apolipoprotein A-I determined the common size classes of discoidal particles formed with numerous phosphatidylcholines, and with ether analogs of phosphatidylcholines. We show furthermore, that the nature of the lipids dictates the distribution of particles among the different size classes. These experiments were performed(More)
Olestra is a zero-calorie fat substitute that is neither digested nor absorbed. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, within-subject, crossover rechallenge study was conducted to compare the occurrence of gastrointestinal symptoms after ingestion of chips made with Olean brand of olestra or conventional triglycerides in subjects who had previously(More)
The effect of olestra, a zero-calorie fat replacement, on the absorption of dietary fat was determined with a dual-isotope technique in 67 healthy male subjects. After a 30-d adaptation period in which they consumed potato chips which delivered either 10 g/d olestra or 10 g/d triglyceride under free-living conditions, the subjects were housed in a metabolic(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the effects of olestra and sorbitol consumption on three accepted objective measures of diarrhea (stool output >250 g/day, liquid/watery stools, bowel movement frequency >3/day), and how stool composition influences reports of common gastrointestinal symptoms. A double-blind, placebo-controlled study compared the(More)
Olestra is a mixture of hexa-, hepta- and octa-esters formed from the reaction of sucrase and long chain fatty acids isolated from edible oils. Olestra has properties similar to those of traditional triglycerides but is not hydrolyzed by pancreatic lipases and, therefore, serves as a noncaloric replacement for fats in the diet. The safety of olestra has(More)
Olestra is a fat substitute made from sucrose and vegetable oil. Olestra is neither digested nor absorbed, and therefore adds no calories or fat to the diet. Because the gut is the only organ that is exposed to olestra, the potential for olestra to affect gastrointestinal structure and function, and the absorption of nutrients from the gut, has been(More)