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Recent studies have implicated long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) as regulators of many important biological processes. Here we report on the identification and characterization of a lncRNA, lnc13, that harbors a celiac disease-associated haplotype block and represses expression of certain inflammatory genes under homeostatic conditions. Lnc13 regulates gene(More)
INTRODUCTION Recent genome wide association studies (GWAS) on coeliac disease (CD) have identified risk loci harbouring genes that fit the accepted pathogenic model and are considered aetiological candidates. METHODS Using Taqman single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) and expression assays, the study genotyped 11 SNPs tagging eight GWAS regions (1q31,(More)
Celiac disease is a chronic immune-mediated disorder with an important genetic component. To date, there are 57 independent association signals from 39 non-HLA loci, and a total of 66 candidate genes have been proposed. We aimed to scrutinize the functional implication of 45 of those genes by analyzing their expression in the disease tissue of celiac(More)
Celiac disease (CD) involves disturbance of the small-bowel mucosal vascular network, and transglutaminase autoantibodies (TGA) have been related to angiogenesis disturbance, a complex phenomenon probably also influenced by common genetic variants in angiogenesis-related genes. A set of genes with "angiogenesis" GO term identified in a previous expression(More)
Celiac disease (CD) is an immune mediated, polygenic disorder, where HLA-DQ2/DQ8 alleles contribute around 35% to genetic risk, but several other genes are also involved. Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) and the more recent immunochip genotyping projects have fine-mapped 39 regions of genetic susceptibility to the disease, most of which harbor(More)
The possible implication of copy number variation (CNV) in the genetic susceptibility to human disease needs to be assessed using robust methods that can be applied at a population scale. In this report, we analyze the performance of the two major techniques, quantitative PCR (qPCR) and paralog ratio test (PRT), and investigate the influence of input DNA(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the present study was to characterize the deregulation of epithelial tight junction genes and investigate its reversibility on removal of dietary gluten in small intestinal mucosa in celiac disease (CD). METHODS The expression levels of 23 genes related to tight junctions were studied in biopsies from 16 patients with active CD and(More)
Celiac disease (CD) is an immune-mediated disorder of the gut in which innate and adaptive responses are involved. Toll-like receptor (TLR) 2 and TLR4 participate in host defense through antigen recognition, and show altered expression in CD gut mucosa. beta-defensins are inducible antimicrobial peptides, and DEFB gene copy number polymorphisms have been(More)
It is known that the NFkB route is constitutively upregulated in celiac disease (CD), an immune-mediated disorder of the gut caused by intolerance to ingested gluten. Our aim was to scrutinize the expression patterns of several of the most biologically relevant components of the NFkB route in intestinal biopsies from active and treated patients and after in(More)
It is known that the NFκB route is constitutively upregulated in celiac disease (CD), an immune-mediated disorder of the gut caused by intolerance to ingested gluten. Our aim was to scrutinize the expression patterns of several of the most biologically relevant components of the NFκB route in intestinal biopsies from active and treated patients and after in(More)