Nora E Rosenberg

Learn More
The v-abl gene in Abelson virus induces pre-B-cell lymphoma in mice while the BCR/ABL oncogene is associated with chronic myelogenous leukemia and some cases of acute lymphocytic leukemia in humans. Understanding the mechanisms by which these oncogenes affect various cell types has been hampered by a paucity of experimental systems that reproduce the range(More)
Lymphoid cells transformed by Abelson murine leukemia virus have provided one of the classic models for study of early B-cell development and immunoglobulin rearrangement. Most of these cells have rearranged their heavy-chain locus but not their light chain genes, suggesting that an active v-abl protein interferes with this differentiation step. To test(More)
We report the characterization of a member of the ras gene family that is overexpressed in cells transformed by abl tyrosine kinase oncogenes. The gene, named kir (for kinase-inducible ras-like), is induced at the transcriptional level. kir mRNA has a rapid turnover and encodes a protein of 33 kDa with guanine nucleotide-binding activity but undetectable(More)
BACKGROUND Most human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) point-of-care tests detect antibodies (Ab) but not p24 antigen (Ag) or RNA. In the absence of antibodies, p24 antigen and RNA typically indicate acute HIV infection. We conducted a field evaluation of the Determine® HIV-1/2 Ag/Ab Combo rapid test (Combo RT). METHODS The antigen portion of the Combo RT(More)
A cell line transformed by Abelson murine leukemia virus, called PD, is capable of carrying out kappa-gene rearrangement while growing in culture. Subclones of PD have diverse kappa-gene structures, and some derivatives show evidence of continued joining activity after as many as three subclonings. Analysis of PD sublineages has shown that a rearranged(More)
Understanding sexual behavior following diagnosis of acute HIV infection (AHI) is key to developing prevention programs targeting individuals diagnosed with AHI. We conducted separate qualitative and quantitative interviews with individuals newly diagnosed (n = 19) with AHI at 1-, 4- and 12-weeks post-diagnosis and one qualitative interview with individuals(More)
Pre-B and pre-T cell lines from mutant mice with severe combined immune deficiency (scid mice) were transfected with plasmids that contained recombination signal sequences of antigen receptor gene elements (V, D, and J). Recovered plasmids were tested for possible recombination of signal sequences and/or the adjacent (coding) sequences. Signal ends were(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Detection of early HIV infections (EHIs), including acute HIV infection (AHI), is important for individual health, prevention of HIV transmission, and measurement of HIV incidence. We describe markers of EHI, diagnostic strategies for detecting these markers, and ways to incorporate these strategies into diagnostic and HIV incidence(More)
The immunoglobulin heavy chain variable region is encoded as three separate libraries of elements in germ-line DNA: VH, D and JH. To examine the order and regulation of their joining, we have developed assays that distinguish their various combinations and have used the assays to study tumor cell analogs of B-lymphoid cells as well as normal B-lymphoid(More)
BACKGROUND Couples HIV testing and counselling (CHTC) is encouraged but is not widely done in sub-Saharan Africa. We aimed to compare two strategies for recruiting male partners for CHTC in Malawi's option B+ prevention of mother-to-child transmission programme: invitation only versus invitation plus tracing and postulated that invitation plus tracing would(More)