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The effects of bafilomycin, nocodazole, and reduced temperature on recycling and the lysosomal pathway have been investigated in various cultured cell lines and have been shown to vary dependent on the cell type examined. However, the way in which these treatments affect recycling and transport to lysosomes within the same cell line has not been analyzed.(More)
Bafilomycin A1 (baf), a specific inhibitor of vacuolar proton ATPases, is commonly employed to demonstrate the requirement of low endosomal pH for viral uncoating. However, in certain cell types baf also affects the transport of endocytosed material from early to late endocytic compartments. To characterize the endocytic route in HeLa cells that are(More)
Determination of infectious progeny virus and in vivo labelling with [(35)S]methionine followed by immunoprecipitation demonstrates that the major receptor group human rhinovirus HRV14 is able to infect HeLa cells in the presence of the V-ATPase inhibitor bafilomycin A1. However, host cell shut off is delayed and viral yield is decreased in the presence of(More)
Minor group human rhinoviruses (exemplified by human rhinovirus serotype 2 (HRV2)) use members of the low density lipoprotein receptor family for cell entry; all these receptors possess clathrin-coated pit localization signals. Viral infection should thus be inhibited under conditions of impaired clathrin-mediated endocytosis. However, Madshus et al.(More)
The effect of virus uncoating on endosome integrity during the early steps in viral infection was investigated. Using fluid-phase uptake of 10- and 70-kDa dextrans labeled with a pH-dependent fluorophore (fluorescein isothiocyanate [FITC]) and a pH-independent fluorophore (cyanine 5 [Cy5]), we determined the pHs of labeled compartments in intact HeLa cells(More)
Many viruses gain access to the cell via the endosomal route and require low endosomal pH for infectivity. The GTPase dynamin is essential for clathrin-dependent endocytosis, and in HeLa cells overexpressing the nonfunctional dynaminK44A mutant the formation of clathrin-coated vesicles is halted. HRV2, a human minor group rhinovirus, is internalized by(More)
The metabolism of tienilic acid, a drug containing a thiophene ring, was reinvestigated in man, rat and dog. The major urinary metabolite in man and rat was isolated and completely characterized by comparison with a synthetic compound. This metabolite derives from the hydroxylation of the thiophene ring of tienilic acid in position 5. Its isomers, 3- and(More)
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